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318 Elmer L. Andersen Library, University of Minnesota, 222 21st Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455

K. BROOKE ANDERSON:
An Inventory of His Papers


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Biography | Contents Summary/Organization | Administrative/Access Info | Contents Details | Related Materials | Indexed Terms/Access Points


OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Creator: Anderson, K. Brooke (Karl Brooke).
Title: K. Brooke Anderson papers
Date: 1919-1980 (bulk 1949-1959).
Collection Number: Y.USA.27
Abstract: Papers of K. Brooke Anderson documenting his relief work in the Middle East, first with YMCA prisoner of war work and later representing other church organizations with refugees in the Gaza Strip.
Quantity: 1.0 cu. ft. (3 boxes).
Location: See Detailed Description section for box listing.


BIOGRAPHY OF K. BROOKE ANDERSON

Karl Brooke Anderson was born on August 31, 1892 in Goochland County, Virginia. A high school drop-out, he conditionally entered the University of Richmond and graduated in 1916. He attended graduate school at Cornell, but left in 1917 and enlisted and served for two years during World War I with the French Army Ambulance Service, for which he was awarded the Silver Star.

Anderson then joined the YMCA to work with prisoners in France. With the British YMCA, he went to the Middle East in 1919 and worked in prisoner of war camps in Syria, Palestine and Egypt. In 1921, he contracted malaria and had to return to the U.S. He entered Yale Divinity School and graduated in 1924. After graduation he became the executive secretary of the University of Virginia YMCA, a post he held for four years. In 1928, he departed for Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island and became executive secretary at the student YMCA, where he remained until his retirement in 1957.

In December of 1949, he took a five month leave from Brown to work with the American Friends Service Committee distributing aid to Palestinian refugees on the Gaza Strip. After his retirement in the fall of 1957, Anderson returned to Gaza to work with refugees under the auspices of the Near East Council for Refugee Work, which was affiliated with the Church World Service.



SCOPE AND CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION

Anderson's papers contain correspondence relating to his prisoner of war work after World War I in Egypt, Syria and Palestine. Most of the correspondence is with friends and colleagues, particularly with Archie Harte, who was YMCA secretary in Jerusalem and under whom Anderson worked. A manuscript about Harte written by Anderson can be found in this collection.

Also included is a set of diaries Anderson kept during his time in the Gaza Strip, in which he recorded the general weather conditions, activities, personal health and impressions of people. His desk diaries contain YMCA appointments, purchasing and budget information and records of inter-agency meetings and coordination efforts.



ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Use of Materials:
This collection is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright, ownership, and to obtain all the necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials.
Preferred Citation:
[Indicate the cited item and/or series here]. K. Brooke Anderson Papers. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. University of Minnesota.
See the Chicago Manual of Style for additional examples.
Processing Information:
Material in this collection was formerly cataloged as part of the YMCA Biographical Files.
Processed by: Chan Harries, February 2005.
Catalog Record ID number: 4513068


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION

The following section contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection. To request materials, please note the corresponding box number.

Box
1 Provenance, 1964-1980.
Correspondence, 1919-1943, 1950-1959, 1964-1975. 3 folders.
Diaries, 1949-June 2, 1958. 8 folders.
Box
2 Diaries, June 3, 1958-June 8, 1959. 6 folders.
Desk diaries, 1960-1966. 4 folders.
Box
3 "Dr. Archie C. Harte", 1964.
Milk ration card, 1949.
Notebook, 1958.
Bank pass book, undated.
Quaker staff meeting minutes, 1949.
Travel materials, undated.



RELATED MATERIALS

The following related materials are catalogued separately in the Kautz Family YMCA Archives:
Material describing the YMCA's work with prisoners of war can be found in the Armed Services World War I-Related Records, 1910-1970.


INDEX TERMS

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Topics:
Prisoners of war.
Refugees, Arab.
World War, 1914-1918 -- War work -- Young Men's Christian associations.
Young Men's Christian associations -- Employees.
Places:
Gaza Strip -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
Persons:
Anderson, K. Brooke (Karl Brooke).
Harte, Archibald.
Organizations:
American Friends Service Committee.
Types of Documents:
Diaries.