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318 Elmer L. Andersen Library, University of Minnesota, 222 21st Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455

YMCA BIOGRAPHICAL FILES:
An Inventory


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Biography | Contents Summary/Organization | Administrative/Access Info | Contents Details | Related Materials | Indexed Terms/Access Points


OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Creator: Kautz Family YMCA Archives, compiler.
Title: YMCA biographical files.
Date: 1853-2004.
Collection Number: Y.USA.12
Abstract: Biographical material as well as small collections of personal papers of prominent YMCA of the USA leaders.
Quantity: Approx. 90 cu. ft. (239 boxes).
Location: See Detailed Description section for box listing.


BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

Brief biographical sketches are included in the Detailed Description section of the finding aid for selected individuals (primarily those for whom the biographical files contain a substantial collection of personal papers). For additional biographical information, see the actual file for the individual in question.



SCOPE AND CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION

The biographical files contain information on over 5,000 prominent YMCA of the USA leaders over a wide spectrum, from lay to professional, at the local, regional and national levels, working abroad as well as in the United States. Also represented in the files are a number of non-YMCA people who were prominent in world affairs, such as Woodrow Wilson and Martin Luther King, Jr. The amount and type of material for each individual varies greatly. For some individuals, the files contain only a few basic biographical facts. Others are represented by substantial collections of personal papers or organizational records, including diaries, manuscripts, scrapbooks, office correspondence, press releases, reports, and other material. Most files contain ready reference-type material such as resumes and vitae, obituaries, news clippings, and biographical sketches. The files were originally compiled by the YMCA Historical Library as part of a biographical history project and have been augmented over the years by archives staff.



ORGANIZATION/ARRANGEMENT OF THE RECORDS

The files are arranged alphabetically by the individual's last name.


ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Use of Materials:
This collection is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright, ownership, and to obtain all the necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials.
Preferred Citation:
[Indicate the cited item and/or series here]. Biographical Files. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. University of Minnesota.
See the Chicago Manual of Style for additional examples.
Processing Information:
Catalog Record ID number: 4439189
The collection was originally divided into three separate series: "Bio-A" consisted of individuals for whom the collection included more than one folder of materials, providing significant documentation of their career. "Bio-B" comprised the individuals with a single folder of material, and "Bio-C" was a separate group consisting of individuals who had been involved in foreign work. These series were later combined into one, large group arranged alphabetically. Several extensive collections of personal papers formerly included in the biographical files have been removed and separately cataloged. See the related materials list for a list of individuals represented in these biographical files for whom the Archives has separate collections of personal papers.
4,957 entries (some for more than one individual) as of June 2009
The papers of Darius A. Davis, formerly part of this collection, were removed and recataloged as a separate collection, along with an additional accession of correspondence, in February 2014.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION

The following section contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection. To request materials, please note the corresponding box number. The notation [i] after a person's name indicates that he or she was involved in international work.

Box 1 Aaron, Appadurai [i].
Aaron, Dolores T.
Abbott, Fred C.
Abbott, George A.
Abbott, Lyman.
Abbott, Richard L.
Abernathy, Milton Aubrey.
Abernathy, Ralph David.
Abernathy, Robert William.
Abernathy, Roy.
Abernethy, Bradford Shermon.
Abrams, Frank W.
Abrecht, Rudy.
Acheson, Barclay.
Ackley, Samuel Anson.
Adair, Waid W.
Adam, Robert.
Adams, Chauncey Allen [i].
Adams, Dolie McWhinney.
Adams, Henry P.
Adams, Sherman.
Adams, Theodore F.
Adams, Wilman E.
Adamson, Arthur Quentin [i].
Addams, Jane [i].
Addison, John Armstrong.
Adger, John Bailey.
Adrain, Henry A.
Affleck, George B.
Aguirre, Enrique Carlos [i].
Ahrnes, Virginia [i].
Ainey, W. D. B.
Ainsworth, Charles H.
Akagi, Roy Hidemichi [i].
Akinaka, Asa M.
Akyea, Ofori E.
Alcorn, Hugh Meade Jr.
Alcraz, Jose R. [i]
Aldrich, Guy Von.
Alexander, A. J. A. (Dr.).
Alexander, Archibald S.
Alexander, Chester Stephen [i].
Alexander, Claude L.
Alexander, Henry C.
Alexander, Jesse N. Jr.
Alexander, John L.
Alexander, Paul William (Judge).
Alexander, Ronni [i].
Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell.
Alexander, Ted M.
Alexander, Will Winton.
Ali, Muhammad.
Alivisatos, Hamilcar S.
Allen, Arthur Jones [i].
Allen, George Edward.
Allen, Glenn.
Allen, Howard Cameron.
Allen, James Egert (Dr.).
Allen, Joseph M.
Allen, Percy MacGregor.
Box 2 Allenby, Edmond Lord [i].
Alling, Joseph T.
Allyn, Stanley C.
Alton, Carol W.
Altschul, Craig.
Altschul, Frank.
Alvarez, Walter L. [i].
Ambler, E. V.
Ambrosio, D. B. [i].
Ames, C. B. (Judge).
Ames, John Quincy.
Ammerman, Helen Louise [i].
Ammon, William B. (Admiral).
Amoss, Ulius Louis [i].
Amsden, Lynford Clarence [i].
Amundson, Albert Oswald.
Anantharez, P. John [i].
Andersen, Hans Peter.
Anderson, A. E.
Anderson, A. Sherwood (Pete).
Anderson, Mrs. Arthur Forrest.
Anderson, B. Frank.
Anderson, C. O. ("Andy").
Anderson, Charles B. [i].
Anderson, Charles W.
Anderson, H. O.
Anderson, Harry Dewey [i].
Anderson, Harvey Winfred [i].
Anderson, Helen Bagley.
Anderson, Howard ("Andy").
Anderson, Howard Elmer [i].
Anderson, James.
Box 3 Anderson, Karl Brooke.
Background Note: Anderson (1892-1975) began his professional YMCA work in 1917 at the Army YMCA in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. In 1918 he went overseas for the USA Ambulance Service for the French Army. In 1919 he entered work for the British YMCA, serving in the Middle East in prisoner-of-war camps and at the Jerusalem YMCA. He left the Middle East and YMCA work in 1921 for health reasons.
After receiving a B. D. from Yale Divinity School, in 1924 he became executive secretary of the University of Virginia association. In 1928 he became the executive secretary of the Brown University Christian Association and remained in that position until 1957.
Anderson returned to the Middle East twice, in 1949 and 1957. In 1949 he became a refugee worker for the American Friends Service Committee in the Gaza Strip. In 1957 he returned to the Gaza Strip to work with the Near East Christian Council for Refugee Work.
Box 2 Anderson, L. L.
Anderson, Leila Warren.
Anderson, Luther A. ("Luke").
Anderson, Paul B. & Margaret:
Background Note: Paul Anderson's (1894-?) career as a secretary for the YMCA spanned 48 years. He began in 1913 as a private secretary to Charles W. Harvey, senior YMCA secretary in Shankai, China. In 1917 he became John R. Mott's personal secretary for a trip to Russia. Anderson remained in Russia until 1919 doing prisoner-of-war work.. From 1920 to 1924 he worked with Russian prisoners of war and refugees in Germany. While there he was also director of the Russian Correspondence School in Berlin. In 1924 he went to Paris to become the International Committee representative for France, which he held until 1937. He also founded the Russian language Chekhov Press in Paris. From 1937 to 1947 Anderson was the senior secretary in Europe for the International Committee, and from 1947 to 1961 he was the associate executive secretary for the World Service Division.
After his retirement in 1961, Anderson became a consultant on East-West relations with several organizations, including the International Committee and various church councils.
Content Note: The bulk of the papers relate to Russia, communism, and religion in Russia. The papers include his reports on such topics as "Experiences of the YMCA in Communist Dominated Countries," "Christianity and Communism," and "The YMCA as a Factor for Christian Civilization in Western Europe." Anderson did considerable traveling in Europe and Russia, and the papers contain travel itineraries and reports as well as news articles, particularly on his 1956 trip to Russia with the National Council of Churches to investigate religious conditions there. News articles also report his retirement in 1961.
Correspondence relates to his travel but also concentrates on his interest in the publishing of religious books, including some by the Association Press. There is also a 1954 book review of a novel by Anderson, God's Secret Armies. The papers also reflect Anderson's interest in Russian language publications. Other correspondence related to Anderson's day-to-day work as an administrator in the World Services Division, concentrating on meetings, the John Mott Centennial (1965), and contacts with religious leaders of various denominations.
The files contain a number of biographical sketches and articles as well as a retirement tribute by Eugene Barnett. There is also a copy of his memoirs, No East or West, edited by Donald Davis and published in 1985.
Box 4 Biographical.
Memoirs.
Papers, 1934-1956.
Box 2 Anderson, Peyton F. (Dr.).
Box 5 Andre, F. J.
Andresen, Paul Douglass [i].
Andrews, Alan (Col.) [i].
Andrews, F. Raymond.
Andrews, Frank Emerson.
Andrews, John Bartlett [i].
Andrews, Robert.
Andreychuk, Raynell (Judge).
Angiel, Max Jean.
Angle, Wesley M.
Annett, Douglas R.
Anspach, Charles L. (Dr.).
Anthony, Julian Danford.
Antrim, Harry Carlton.
Apgar, Robert H.
Aplin, Lawrence Edgar Denison [i].
Appadurai, Aaron.
Appell, Mrs. Frederick W.
Appleton, John G.
Appley, Lawrence A.
Archibald, Gerry.
Archibald, L. W.
Areson, Clinton Webber [i].
Argetsinger, J. C.
Armor, Cheva.
Armstrong, Charles Jr.
Armstrong, Earl P.
Armstrong, J. Bruce [i].
Armstrong, James Claude.
Armstrong, Robert D.
Arndt, Ernst Moritz.
Arnold, Albert S.
Arnold, Lloyd (Dr.).
Arnold, Raymond L.
Arnold, Roger David & Eleanor [i].
Arnold, Theodore Wayne [i].
Arnold, Thomas.
Arnold, Walter.
Arroll, James O.
Arsenian, Seth.
Arthur, George R.
Artis, Lionel F.
Ascham, John Bayne [i].
Ashton, Dudley.
Aso, Tetsuo (Dr.).
Astor, Helen.
Athenagoras (Archbishop and Patriarch).
Atherton, Frank Cooke:
Background Note: Atherton (1877-1945) was a prominent lay leader of the International Committee and the Honolulu association. In 1904 he started serving on the Board of Directors of the Honolulu association, and in 1916 he was elected to the International Committee; he served on both until his death. He fostered association work in Hawaii through his involvement with the Territorial Committee, often financing new associations until they became self-sustaining. In addition to his YMCA work he served on a number of other religious and charitable organizations.
Atherton's professional life was spent in Hawaiian business. He became chairman of the board of Castle and Cooke, Ltd., which had been founded by his family.
Content Note: Atherton's papers consist of correspondence relating to the YMCA National Council, USO work in World War II, and the American Community War Services. Also, much of the material pertains to philanthropic trusts which he administered.
There are several tributes and memorials following his death in 1945, including a U. S. Army commendation for his USO work. There are numerous obituary articles. Also included are reminiscences by former secretaries collected for a biography of Atherton by Ethan T. Colton and correspondence regarding the biography.
Box 6 Provenance.
Biographical.
Papers, 1928-1967.
Papers regarding Atherton's death1962.
Papers regarding biography by Ethan Colton, 1965-1967.
Atkinson, James E.
Atkinson, Robert H.
Atwell, Donald Bliss [i].
Aubrey, Edwin E. (Dr.).
Aubrey, Gwilym O.
Auburn, Frederick W. [i].
Auchincloss, Douglas.
Ault, John W.
Aurobindo, Sr.
Austin, O. David.
Austin, William B.
Aveling, Wilhelmina.
Avison, Gordon Wilberforce [i].
Avison, Lawrence B.
Azariah (Bishop) [i].
Ayers, William H. M.
Ayer, Francis Wayland:
Background Note: Francis Wayland (1848-1923) began his lay activities for the YMCA in New Jersey, and by 1893 he was vice chairman of the New Jersey State Committee. He was its chairman from 1913 until his death. A member of the International Committee, he became president of the 39th International Convention in 1916. He was active in the Boys Work Committee of the International Committee and in establishing the Retirement Fund in 1923.
Ayer's lay activities included both local and national service to his church. He was superintendent of Sunday school for the North Baptist Church in Camden, New Jersey. He was also president of the New Jersey Baptist Convention.
Ayer founded N. W. Ayer and Son, a national advertising agency, in 1869. He also operated a dairy farm.
Content Note: Ayer's records include a biographical sketch from the National Cyclopedia of American Biography and a 15 page biographical sketch by Ethan Colton; both of these concentrate on Ayer's advertising career but also mention his YMCA activities.
Memorial materials include an article, "Francis Wayland Ayer: An Appreciation" by YMCA associate Clarence A. Barbour; a printed collection of memorial essays including a contribution by John R. Mott, "F. Wayland Ayer, the Christian Statesman"; an excerpt containing a memorial from the 1925 Biennial Report of the State Executive Committee of the YMCA of New Jersey; and a 1927 dedication program of the North Baptist Church in Camden, New Jersey.
Other records include a 1923 report of the Board of Trustees of the YMCA Retirement Fund; a 1949 history of N. W. Ayer and Son by Ralph Hower; 1949-1959 correspondence relating to Colton's biographical sketch; and a 1959 report by Raymond P. Kaighn relating to Ayer's term as first chairman of the YMCA Retirement Fund.
Box 7 Biographical.
Papers, 1907-1927, 1949-1959.
Box 8 Baagor, Paul.
Baarts, Ray.
Babbott, Frank L. [i].
Babcock, George Ira [i].
Babcock, William Havens [i].
Babington, Robert J.
Babson, Paul Talbot [i].
Bach, Marcus (Dr.).
Backstrom, Clifford E.
Bacon, Frederick S.
Badeau, John Stothoff.
Bader, Jesse (Reverend Dr.).
Badger, Oscar C. (Admiral).
Badley, Thomas Wayne [i].
Baghdigian, B. K. (Dr.).
Bagley, Arthur E.
Bagot, Lindsey Beresford.
Bailey, E. P.
Baird, Wilbur S.
Baker, Brutus M. Jr.
Baker, Burke [i].
Baker, Chester A.
Baker, Elbert H.
Baker, Geraldine [i].
Baker, Harry Thomas [i].
Baker, Rhodes S.
Baker, Robert Harter [i].
Bakken, James Orville [i].
Baldwin, Donald R.
Baldwin, Lawrence Edward ("Hank") [i].
Baldwin, Leonard D.
Box 9 Bale, Jack S.
Bale, Townley.
Ball, Fred Samuel [i].
Ball, Frederick W.
Ball, William H.
Ballantine, Duncan S. (Dr.).
Ballantine, William G. (Dr.).
Ballantyne, Harry.
Ballard, Frank W.
Bancroft, Frank [i].
Bantz, Robert King.
Bao, Robert [i].
Barber, Arthur L.
Barber, John Clarke [i].
Barber, Richard Earl.
Barbour, Clarence A. (Reverend Dr.).
Barde, Edouard.
Barden, Henry Clark [i].
Barfield, Neal Gerald.
Barker, Charles E. (Dr.).
Barker, Edwin.
Barker, R. W. J. Mandeville.
Barling, Stanley Nelson [i].
Barnard, Chester I.
Barnes, Alfred Smith.
Barnes, Ernest Winfred.
Barnes, Henry Blencoe [i].
Barnes, Lilace Reid.
Barnes, Roswell (Reverend Dr.).
Barnett, A. Doak.
Box 11 Barnett, Eugene Epperson [i].
Background Note: Eugene Barnett (1888-1970) began his 45 year career with the YMCA in 1908 as general secretary at the University of North Carolina association. In 1910 he entered foreign service and went to China where he spent 26 years in various positions including national student secretary, associate general secretary, and senior secretary for China. in 1936 he was called to become executive secretary of the International Committee and, after five years, became general secretary of both the International Committee and the National Council. He also served on the Executive Committee of the World's Committee.
Barnett also served in other service organizations. During World War II he was on the Board of Directors as well as the Executive Committee of the Methodist Committee for Overseas Relief.
Box 9 Barnett, Fred Townsend.
Barnett, Percy.
Barney, Austin Dunham.
Barnhardt, William M.
Barnhart, Byron Pat [i].
Barnick, John.
Barot, Madeline.
Barr, Otis H.
Barr, W. B.
Barrie, H. G. [i].
Barron, Alexander J.
Barrows, Charles H.
Barter, Mary Beth [i] (missing)
Barth, Karl.
Bartholomeusz, Oliver ("O. B.").
Bartholomew, Marshall.
Barton, Bruce.
Barton, C. A.
Barwick, John Workman [i].
Bascara, Domingo C. (Basky) [i].
Box 10 Barber, Benjamin R. [i].
Box 12 Batchelar, J. Henry.
Batchelar, Wilbur (Dr.).
Batchelder, Richard L.
Bates, Allen P.
Bates, Lewis George [i].
Batty, John T. Jr.
Bauckham, Charles.
Bauer, Gene Douglas [i].
Bauer, Louis H. (Dr.).
Baugher, Richard Allen [i].
Baumgarten, Bill.
Baumgartner, Leona.
Bay, Josephine.
Bayley, Frank S.
Beach, Roderick [i].
Beacham, Charles R.
Beall, Harold Gething [i].
Bealls, Lester H. [i].
Beard, Willard Livingstone [i].
Beardsley, Henry Mahon:
Background Note: Beardsley (1858-1938) was the president of the Kansas City (Missouri) important role in changing the constitution of the North American YMCA in 1923. He was a member of the Missouri Resolutions Committee in 1921 which called for sweeping change in the operation of the YMCA and a member of the Committee of Thirty-three, which made preparations for the Constitutional Convention of 1923.
From 1915 to 1916 he was the moderator of the National Council of Congregational Churches. He also served on the Administrative Board of Drury College from 1921 to 1938.
Beardsley was a lawyer. He started practice in 1882 and was elected president of the Kansas City Bar Association in 1905. He served as president of the upper house of the City Common Council from 1898 to 1902, and was president of the Board of Public Works. He was elected mayor of Kansas City in 1906 as a Republican and staunch Prohibitionist. He lost re-election for mayor in 1908. He served as a delegate to the Republican National Conventions of 1908 and 1928.
Content Note: Beardsley's papers include a statement on the need for the Missouri Resolutions and an opinion on the resolutions released shortly before the Constitutional Convention. There is also a paper on the role of the YMCA in the American city and a college commencement address. The remaining documents include newspapers clippings of his death, reminiscences from former colleagues, and memorials. Ethan Colton compiled a biography of Beardsley which included in the file as well as related correspondence.
Box 12 Biographical
Papers, 1907-1958.
Beasley, Clarence C.
Beasley, Theodore P.
Beaton, John Wellington [i].
Beaver, Howard Tichenor.
Beaver, Gilbert Addams.
Background Note: Gilbert Beaver (1869-1952) began his work for the YMCA in 1890 as the student secretary of the Pennsylvania State Committee. In 1895 he moved to the Student Division of the International Committee to carry on John Mott's duties while Mott made his first world tour. In 1901 Beaver moved on to the New York City association as Intercollegiate Branch secretary. In 1909 he went back on the staff of the International Committee to work with student associations. He also worked as the executive for the Committee of Friendly Relations among College Students.
Beaver was also active outside the YMCA. During the 1920s he headed the Council of the Fellowship of Reconciliation. Later he served as associate secretary for the College Board of the Presbyterian Church and as justice of the peace in Yorktown Heights, New York. He wrote three books: New Ventures in Faith, The Practice of Community, and Christ and Community.
Beaver, James Addams.
Bechtel, S. B.
Beck, Alfred L. (Reverend Dr.).
Beck, Cameron [i].
Becker, August Otto ("Augie").
Beckham, Barry E.
Beckman, Herman C.
Becknell, Harvey E. [i].
Beckwith, Frank C.
Bedford, A. C.
Bedford, Frederick T.
Bedger, Jean E.
Bednarek, Joseph.
Beebe, Merton.
Beelman, Hugh.
Beers, William.
Box 14 Beery, Edwin N., Mrs.
Bell, Bryan.
Bell, John Burton [i].
Bell, Lorne W.
Bell, Mary [i].
Bellatti, James R.
Belshaw, John F.
Bender, Robert Vincent [i].
Bendtz, Nils Arne [i].
Benes, Eduard [i].
Benglen, Albert J.
Bengtson, Bo.
Benne, Karl Heinz.
Bennenuto, Harry.
Bennett, James E.
Bennett, Russell M.
Bennett, Thomas II.
Benson, B. F.
Benson, Ramsey J.
Bent, Ernest F.
Bentley, Jerome H.
Berdyaev, Nicholas Alexandrovitch.
Berger, Spencer D.
Bernadotte, Maria (Countess) and Oscar (Prince).
Berry, Elmer H. [i].
Berry, Nathaniel.
Berry, William Clayton [i].
Bertucco, Richard T.
Besserer, Reid O.
Best, Ernest Maurice [i].
Best, James S.
Bethune, Mary McLeod.
Betz, Clarence S.
Beveridge, Frank Stanley.
Bey, Ilhamy Ali [i].
Biddle, Clement M.
Bidne, Iver.
Bieberstein, Vladimer.
Bien, Tran Nhu.
Biggers, R. E.
Box 15 Berkedal, Jon Gunnar [i].
Box 16 Bilheimer, G. S.
Billings, Richard W.
Bingham, William II.
Binkley, Wade Everett [i].
Birks, Gerald Walker [i].
Birks, William M.
Bishop, Merlin Asa [i].
Bjorlie, Wayne Eugene [i].
Black, F. M.
Black, Howard A. [i].
Black, Leo S.
Blaikie, James.
Blaisdell, Thomas Charles Jr. [i].
Blaiser, Robert D.
Blake, Anson Stiles.
Blake, John.
Blake, S. W.
Blakely, G. S.
Blanchard, Ralph H.
Blanding, Sarah Gibson.
Blascoer, Frances [i].
Bleecker, C. C. ("Doc").
Bloch, Felix (Dr.).
Bloch, Jesse L.
Blodgett, Thurston P.
Blood, Robert D. (Dr.).
Blod, Roger H.
Bloom, E. Frank
Blosser, Raymond F.
Blosser, Raymond W.
Blyth, James Allison [i].
Boardman, John R.
Bock, Peter E.
Boda, Harold.
Boeck, P. O.
Boggess, R. V.
Boggs, Samuel Whittemore [i].
Boileau, Burdette E.
Bolger, William T.
Bolling, Laurence D.
Bolling, Thomas A.
Bolton, Stephen Elliot [i].
Bond, Edwin E.
Bond, James (Dr.).
Bondy, Robert Earl.
Bonesteel, Gus.
Bonham, J. C.
Bonthius, Robert H. (Reverend Dr.).
Bookwalter, Alfred Guitner.
Boone, Wilmot D.
Boorman, Harvie J.
Boorman, W. Ryland.
Booth, Edmund W.
Booth, Evangeline.
Booth, Maud Ballington.
Booz, Edwin G.
Box 17 Blum, William G.
Box 18 Bordwell, Theodore Ivan [i].
Borek, John B.
Bosworth, Edward T. (Dr.).
Bottomley, George E.
Bowe, Vernon Parker [i].
Bowen, Anthony.
Bower, Peter M.
Bower, Peter Maxwell [i].
Bowers, Elizabeth Scott.
Bowers, Joseph W.
Bowman, Fay.
Bowman, W. W.
Bowman, William.
Bowne, Jacob T.
Bowron, James.
Boyd, Alden W. [i].
Boyd, Henry Allen (Dr.).
Boyd, Samuel A.
Boyd, William.
Boyden, Douglas E.
Boyea, Douglas Paul.
Boynton, Charles Luther [i]:
Background Note: Boynton (1881-1967) was born in Townshend, Vermont, in 1881. He graduated from Pomona College in California in 1901. While in college he was a YMCA bible study teacher and attended a state YMCA convention. From 1901 to 1903 he was the assistant state secretary for Kansas traveling to colleges around the state. In June of 1903 he became treasurer of the YMCA Student Conference at Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. From 1903 to 1906 he was office secretary of the student department of the International Committee in New York City, and also during these years he was pursuing a course of study at Union Theological Seminary. He was ordained in the Baptist Church in 1906.
In November of 1906 he was appointed by the International Committee to go to Shanghai as the office secretary of the National Committee of China, where he served as administrative role managing finances and organizing education programs. After spending 1913-14 back in the United States, he returned to China to produce and publish a new Missions Code (a compilation of telegraphic codes) and to represent the YMCA on the China Continuation Committee (an interdenominational organization to coordinate Protestant missionary activities). In 1909 he became one of the founding members of the Board of Managers of the Shanghai American School for children of missionaries. He was the school's principal from 1923 to 1926.
In 1927 he returned to his work with the China Continuation Committee (which had been renamed the National Christian Council in 1922). His duties were primarily administrative, and he served on this council until his retirement in 1948. When Japanese aggression in China accelerated in 1937, he became active in raising war relief funds from the United States and other countries. He was interned by the Japanese for thirty months from 1943 to 1945. From then until his retirement in 1948 he divided his time between China and the United States, winding up his YMCA work in both places. In 1948 he moved to Claremont, California, where he worked intermittently on historical records of Chinese missionary activity; these records were donated in 1955 to the Missionary Research Library in New York City. Boynton died in 1967.
Content Note: Boynton's papers include biographical materials consisting on an autobiographical chronology of his life entitled "Why the Y?"; an obituary he wrote himself; a "Reverend and Mrs. C. L. B." sketch; an entry on him from Who's Who of 1951; and a fact sheet on him compiled in 1970.
Other records include a bound volume of correspondence, 1901-1902, when he was assistant secretary to students in Kansas. They cover his travels to student associations at various colleges around the state, his efforts to administer them, and various personal matters.
There are two bound volumes relating to his early years in Shanghai; one containing his annual reports to the International Committee, 1906-1912, and one containing miscellaneous reports and "Dear Friend" letters, 1907-1919. They detail the YMCA work done in Shanghai, including bible study, publications, library finances, and planning. Of note is the introduction to the 1907 annual report describing YMCA work in Shanghai 1896-1905, prior to Boynton's arrival there.
Other records relating to his work in China include a 1932 sketch by Boynton, "Captain Dollar as I Knew Him"; two "Dear Friends" letters of 1934 and 1935 describing his work in China and mentioning visits by Sherwood Eddy and Eugene Barnett; 1936 correspondence on the death of W. W. Lockwood, a prominent YMCA worker in China; and Fellowship Notes (January 1938), and informal newsletter of the YMCAs of China, describing the war relief work being done in areas of Japanese aggression.
Records dating after Boynton's return to the United States in 1948 include much personal correspondence with friends, including Christmas letters and letters reporting deaths of friends and colleagues; and a series of biographical letters and reports detailing his work in Kansas and China.
Box 19 Biographical.
Provenance.
Correspondence with family, 1901-1902.
Kansas Travel Diary, 1901-1904.
Annual reports to International Committee, 1907-1912.
Reports and letters to friends, 1907-1919.
Papers, 1900-1967.
China notebook, 1955.
Box 18 Braak, Harry Ter -- see Baghdigian, Dr. B. K.
Brace, A. J. (Dr.).
Brace, Albert James [i].
Bracken, Dwight Funk [i].
Bradbury, Harry.
Braddon, Verne C.
Bradley, Adrian C. [i].
Bradley, Bill.
Bradley, J. G.
Bradley, Omar Nelson.
Bradley, Robert B.
Bradley, William L.
Bradshaw, E. H.
Bradshaw, John [i].
Bradshaw, John, Mrs..
Braga, Erasmo [i].
Box 238 Brain, Philip S., Jr.
Box 20 Brainerd, Cephas.
Background Note: Cephas Brainerd (1831-1910) was born in Connecticut and studied law in New York. He became a partner in the firm of Ebenezer Seeley and Truman Smith. For many years he was vice president of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York. In 1864 he successfully represented a group of blacks whose property had been damaged in rioting. From 1876 to 1892 he worked on a number of cases relating to the "Alabama Claims," in which money was distributed to U. S. maritime interest and their insurance companies in compensation for Civil War damages. He took on a case of some notoriety when he defeated Ed Stokes on charges of the 1872 murder of James Fisk, noted robber baron. Brainerd was also interested in international law; he was a member of the International Law Association and lectured at New York University Law School on the topic.
Brainerd's contact with the YMCA began in 1852, when at the age of 21 he joined the New York City association. He became a director of that association in 1857 and was its vice president from 1857 to 1859. During the early part of the Civil War he was active on the Army and Navy Committee of the association. He served on its building committee in 1868 and 1869 which planned the first YMCA building constructed in New York City. Brainerd also served as chairman of the International Committee from 1867 to 1892, during which he strongly influenced the character of the YMCA, including advocating an evangelical emphasis and a moderate attitude toward race relations. In addition, Brainerd oversaw the growth of the YMCA through his close association with and guidance of such leaders as Robert Weidensall, Robert McBurney, and Richard Morse. His speaking abilities at conventions and his letter writing to colleagues did much to sustain and promote the morale of the organization. During his chairmanship he attended fifteen international conventions and wrote the entire series of annual reports of the International Committee. He was also a member of the World's Conference in Paris in 1905.
Box 21 Braisted, Charles H.
Branch, Delmar.
Brandenburg, Earl W. [i].
Brandon, Phil L.
Brandt, J. B. (Rev.).
Brauer, Jerald C.
Brauninger, Robert R. [i].
Breen, Thomas W.
Breidnebach, Ernst [i].
Breithaupt Family, (Edna).
Brelsford, Charles M.
Brethaver, Andrew C.
Brethune, James A.
Brethunne, Mary.
Brett, Elise M.
Brewer, Murray A.
Brewster, Robert S.
Briggle, Lester [i].
Briggs, Ellis O.
Briggs, George F.
Brigham, Harold Frederick.
Bristol, Warren Edwin [i].
Britten, Clarence R.
Broadway, Gerald R.
Broch, J. L. (Dr.).
Brock, Ken A.
Brock, Oscar W. [Box 21]
Brockman, Fletcher Sims [i]:
Background Note: Brockman (1867-1944), born in Amherst County, Virginia in 1867, received his B. A. from Vanderbilt University in 1891 and an LL.D. from Colgate in 1929. He joined the YMCA in 1891 as the student secretary of the International Committee. In 1897-1898 he was the traveling secretary of the Student Volunteer Movement. He went to Nanking in 1898 as foreign secretary of the International Committee. While in China he set up associations in Chinese villages and raised money from the Chinese people to support them. During World War I he was associate secretary of the National War Work Council. From 1924 to 1929 he was administrative secretary of the Far East of the National Council. In 1929 he retired from the YMCA and became a lecturer and a trustee at Vanderbilt University. Also in 1929 he became the secretary for the Committee on Promotion of Friendship between America and the Far East, Inc., (apparently a non-YMCA organization) and held this position into the early 1940s.
Content Note: The records include speeches by Brockman on topics such as the outreach of the YMCA, the role of religion in world affairs, Christian unity, and the progress of Christianity in China. There are a number of biographical sketches, including an article in Old Guard News reviewing his YMCA career and a memorial speech by John R. Mott. Also included is a short report of the YMCA work done by Brockman's brother Frank in Korea from 1906 to 1929.
The correspondence includes an 1899 letter of Fletcher's reporting on his activity in China and letters relating to the financial affairs, meetings, and organization of the Committee on the Promotion of Friendship between American and the Far East, during the early 1940s. Correspondence after his death relates to requests for and replies concerning biographical information on Brockman.
Box 22 Biographical.
Papers, 1897-1961.
Brockman, Frank Marion [i].
Brockman, Whitefield Walton [i].
Broderick, J. Lawrence.
Brooks, John H.
Brooks, Kenneth J.
Brooks, Mila Williams [i].
Brooks, Murray Gordon [i].
Brooks, Phillips.
Brotherhood House.
Brough, Charles H.
Box 23 Brown, Alfred C. [i].
Brown, Alfred G.
Brown, Arol Ayres.
Brown, Barbara Frances [i].
Brown, Benjamin D.
Brown, Cassandra [i].
Brown, Cecil.
Brown, Clarence Lewis ("Lew").
Brown, Courtney C.
Brown, E. R.
Brown, Edward.
Brown, Elizabeth.
Brown, Ellen.
Brown, Elwood Stanley [i].
Brown, Frank E. (Dr.).
Brown, Franklin Hartwell [i].
Brown, George Warren.
Brown, Issac Eddy.
Brown, J. Hertz.
Box 24 Brown, James Walker [i].
Brown, John.
Brown, John Jr. (Dr.).
Brown, Merril.
Brown, O. E.
Brown, Paul Wesley [i].
Brown, Ralph Warren.
Brown, Robert Gerald [i].
Brown, Ruben Stanley [i].
Brown, Seely.
Brown, Terry.
Brown, Theodore E.
Brown, Theron.
Brown, William Gordon [i].
Brown, Wood.
Brownell, Edwin Chamberlain.
Brucker, Wilbur Marion [i].
Bruemmer, Louis W.
Box 25 Brunger, Harry A. [i].
Content Note: Includes China diary, 1949.
Brunkau, Phyllis A.
Brunkert, Allan.
Bryan, James T.
Bryan, Julien.
Bryan, W. R.
Bryan, William Jennings.
Bryan, William Lowe.
Bryant, Aloysius J. [i].
Bryce, George Pardon [i].
Buchanan, Norman (Dr.).
Buchanan, W. A.
Bucher, Joseph August.
Buchman, Frank N. D.
Buck, Charles W.
Buck, Harry Crowe [i].
Buckley, Earle Reid [i]:
Background Note: Buckley joined the YMCA in 1938 as the membership secretary of the St. John (New Brunswick) association. During World War II he spent four months at the YMCA College Physical Education in Madras, India, working on recreational programs for soldiers. In 1945 he became the fraternal secretary of the International Committee in China where he worked developing physical education programs. In 1949 he went to Japan and became a member of the Japanese YMCA National Committee, continuing physical education work. During the 1950s he also traveled to Korea to help develop YMCA programs. In 1964 he was appointed associated executive for the overseas programs in Asia of the International Committee. In 1966 he became research associate in the National Board's Research and Development Division. In that position he managed special study projects concerning the American YMCA and edited the YMCA yearbook.
Content Note: Nearly all of the material is correspondence concerning Japanese programs, although a few of the letters deal with programs in Vietnam, the Philippines, and other east Asian countries. Topics include leadership training, staff appointments, staff evaluations, physical education, and camp development. There are also letters from Japanese staff members describing their YMCA work and sometimes their visits to the United States.
Other items include a 1954 Readers Digest article on the sports program Buckley developed in Japan; a report (unsigned, 1964) entitled "The Voluntary Organization: Its Unique Role in the Field of Recreation"; a 1964 announcement of Buckley's appointment to the associate executive secretary of the International Committee; a 1966 report by Buckley on the work done during 1964-1966 in the Asia program; and a notice of a 1970 speech by Buckley, "East Looks at West Communication through Cultural Barriers."
Box 25 Biographical.
Papers, 1948-1974.
Buckner, John D.
Buckwater, Winfred.
Budge, Daniel Andrew.
Buehlee, Louis C.
Buell, Bradley.
Buell, Lincoln E.
Buell, Robert O. [i].
Bueno, Manuel [i].
Bugbee, Fred F.
Bulger, Kathleen Ann.
Bulkley, J. Ogden, Mrs.
Bullock, Charles H.
Bunce, Arthur Cyrill [i].
Bunche, Ralph Johnson.
Bunker, B. W. Sydney K.
Bunker, Ellsworth.
Bunker, Joseph B.
Bunn, O. L.
Box 26 Bullock, Ralph Waldo.
Bunting, James F.:
Background Note: Bunting (1906-1989), born in Little Falls, New York, received his B. A. from Syracuse University in 1927. He was a Hi-Y member in 1924, and soon after college he took a position as associate educational director for the Central Branch of the Rochester (New York) association. In 1939 he took a position with New Haven association and advanced to become its associate general secretary. (Also while in New Haven he earned an M. A. from Yale, 1943). From 1944 to 1950 he was general secretary of the Schnectady (New York) association; he moved on to Newark (New Jersey) in 1950-1960 and Washington D. C. in 1960-1964 as general secretary.
In 1964 he was appointed executive director of the National Council and National Board. In this position, in addition to a variety of administrative functions, Bunting tried to direct the YMCA's attention towards issues of the time, such as racial and urban problems. He retired form the YMCA in 1971.
Bunting received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from George Williams College in 1963. In 1966 he received an award from Syracuse for excellence in social services. He was also a member of the National Council of Churches.
Content Note: Much of Bunting's papers relates to his promotions to general secretary in Washington D. C. (1960) and to executive director of the National Council and National Board (1964); these materials include press releases, biographical sketches, news articles, and letters of congratulations. Other materials relate to routine administrative matters (meetings, travel, and finances) as well as to social issues such as urban growth, racial tension, and economic inequality.
Box 27 Biographical.
Papers, 1959-1971.
Burdick, Roland E.
Burdsall, Richard L.
Burgeind, Louis H.
Burger, Warren E.
Berger, William H. ("Billy").
Burgess, Frank E.
Burgess, John Stewart [i].
Burgette, James M.
Burgi, Hans.
Burhans, Barent [i].
Burk, E. C.
Burke, Daniel.
Burkhart, John R.
Burkholder, H. Clay.
Burleigh, Harry.
Burlingham, Lewis Preston.
Burns, Robert K. [i].
Burns, Robert Wayne [i].
Burpee, Royal Huddleston (Dr.).
Box 28 Burr, Lawrence Clay [i].
Burrell, David Hamlin Jr.
Burrell, Scott C.
Burri, Alfred Theo.
Burrows, John.
Burt, Frank H.
Burt, Roland W.
Burton, Harold H.
Burton, M. L.
Busch, William W.
Buschmeyer, Fred S. (Rev. Dr.).
Bussey, Marcia Ruth [i].
Bussey, Michael D. [i].
Buswell, Karl Porter [i].
Butler, Charles Stewart.
Butler, Clement M.
Butler, George A.
Butterfield, Kenyon L.
Buttriss, W. J. [i].
Butzer, Albert George.
Byler, John Gray.
Byrd, Lt. Richard Evelyn [i].
Byrne, Joe H.
Byrum, E. Arlo ("By").
Cadman, S. Parkes [i]
Box 238 Cadwell, Laurence.
Box 28 Cain, Harriso H.
Cain, Murray Hugh [i].
Cairns, Earl.
Cairns, Lawrence Bradshaw ("Larry").
Cairns, W. J.
Caldwell, Arthur E.
Caldwell, B. D.
Caldwell, Harold M.
Caldwell, Thomas S.
Calhoun, Charles K.
Calkins, George Garnett [i].
Call, Dwight William [i].
Callan, Joseph C. [i].
Callender, Melvin W.
Calles (President of Mexico) [i].
Callo, Joseph F.
Calloway, W. L.
Calvert, Leonard H.
Camerini, Florida [i].
Camlek, Lilian (Mrs. Thomas Donahue).
Cammack, Robert Walter [i].
Campanella, Theodora.
Campbell, Charles S.
Campbell, Elsa Jane.
Campbell, Gordon K.
Campbell, Howard O.
Campbell, John J.
Campbell, Kleber A.
Campbell, Walter J.
Campello, Pedro [i].
Caniff, Milton A.
Box 29 Cann, Wilfred E.
Cannon, (T. Co.) Craig.
Cannon, Charles A.
Cannon, Douglas Wiley [i].
Cannon, Fermor S.
Cannon, James G.
Cannon, Robert H.
Cantline, Peter (Judge).
Canziani, Horacio [i].
Cappeli, Brigitte [i].
Carballo, Ernesto [i].
Cardwell, Ann.
Carey, Clifford M.
Carey, James Barron.
Carey, Richard M.
Carl, Frederick Daniel.
Carlino, Joseph Francis.
Carlson, Carl G.
Carlson, Ellsworth C. [i].
Carlson, Eskill C. [i].
Carlton, Winslow.
Carman, Harry James (Dr.).
Carmichael, Oliver Cromwell.
Carmina, Salvatore.
Carnegie, Andrew.
Carnright, Roswell.
Caprenter, Ned.
Carpenter, Samuel J.
Carr, John.
Carr, Robert Kenneth (Dr.).
Carrington, Paul.
Carroll, L. Earl [i].
Carroll, Phil
Carruthers, Donald Wallace [i].
Carson, Charles W.
Carstensen, John
Carter, Alice Draper -- see Carter, Edward Clark.
Carter, Amon Giles.
Carter, Edward Clark [i].
Carter, Eunice Lisle C., Mrs.
Carter, Frank T.
Carter, George R.
Carter, Matthew Gamaliel.
Carver, George Washington (National Monument).
Cary, Charles Austin.
Case, Clifford P.
Case, L. Donald.
Caselli, Hector.
Cashmore, Thomas H.
Caskey, H. K. [i].
Caskey, Herbert C.
Castle, Donald L.
Caswell, Hollis L. (Dr.).
Catchings, Lincoln Maynard [i].
Box 30 Catlin, C. Kenneth.
Cavallo, M. Arthur.
Cavert, Dr. Samuel McCrea [i].
Cedarblade, Lyndon F.
Cedergren, Hugo [i].
Ceriani, Juan Carlos [i].
Chadwick, Edwin William.
Chaffee, Herbert Watson [i].
Chaing Kai-Shek [i].
Chamberas, James Athanasios [i].
Chamberlain, F. J. [i].
Chamberlain, J. Gordon (Rev. Dr.).
Chamberlain, Thomas G.
Chamberlin, Benjamin D.
Chambers, James Wheaton [i].
Chambers, Lawson P.
Chambers, William Simonton.
Chand, Sadi Dyal [i].
Chandler, Ernest.
Chandler, Norman.
Chandler, William Lewis.
Chaney, Clarence Ramsey.
Chaney, F. H.
Chang, Bo-Wen [i].
Chang, Chia-Ngau [i].
Chang, I-Fan [i].
Chang, Kya Foo [i].
Chang, Pei-Chih [i].
Chang, Po-Ling [i].
Chang, Shi-Chang [i].
Chang, T. L. [i].
Chang, T. T.
Chao, S. Y. [i].
Chapin, Mark Alan [i].
Chapman, Chales C.
Chapman, Irvin C.
Chapman, Margaret.
Chapman, Mildred [i].
Box 31 Chappel, Danielle Lois [i].
Charlesworth, Scott Hays [i].
Chaves, Erasmo F. [i].
Chavioos, Kenneth.
Chekhov -- see Association Press.
Cheley, Frank
Chelsey, Albert Meader [i].
Box 32 Chen, Chungshen S.
Chen, Kin Hing [i].
Chen, P. T. [i].
Chen, Shang (Gen.).
Cheney, Ralph Loren [i].
Cheney, Ralph William [i].
Cheng, David.
Chetty, Sir Shanmukam [i].
Cheung, Faat Fooi [i].
Chi, Chang Yuek.
Chiang, Kai-Shek [i].
Chiba, Akira.
Childs, John Lawrence [i].
Chilson, Lindsay H.
Chisholm, Manley G.
Chiu, Lam K. [i].
Christ, Robert.
Christenberry, Robert Keaton.
Christensen, A. M.
Christensen, Donald [i].
Christensen, Erik.
Christian, Diane.
Christian, Russel D.
Christman, Earl S.
Box 238 Christmas, Everett T.
Box 32 Christy, Bayard H.
Chrysler, Walter P. [i].
Chu, Baen [i].
Chuan, S. James [i].
Chun, Taik Poo.
Church, David M.
Churchill, Clementine.
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer.
Churley, Arthur William [i].
Clack, Robert Wood [i].
Clagett, Paul Casey.
Clagett, Thomas J.
Clair, Howard W.
Clark, Arthur B. II.
Clark, Colquitt, Jr.
Clark, Edward L.
Clark, Eugene R.
Clark, Felton G. [i].
Clark, Francis G.
Clark, Francis Orville [i].
Box 33 Clark, Harlod R.
Clark, Helen M.
Clark, Henry P. [i].
Clark, Howard Marshall.
Clark, Jesse Claude [i].
Clark, John Cheesman.
Clark, Myron Augustus:
Background Note: Clark (1866-1920) was born in Buffalo, New York, and graduated from Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota. From 1887 to 1891 he worked as secretary for associations in Faribault (Minnesota), Lexington (Missouri), and Kansas City (Missouri). In 1891 he went to Brazil as the first North American YMCA representative in South America. Two years after his arrival an association with 71 members had been organized in Rio de Janiero. In 1902 Clark became secretary of the Brazilian Alliance of the YMCAs and held that position until his death. Associations were organized in Recife, Porto Alegre, and Sao Paulo. Associations outside Brazil were also organized in Buenos Aires and eight other South American cities; these were administered by eighteen North American secretaries and twenty South American secretaries, working under a Continental Federation staff of six secretaries.
In 1915 Clark went to Coimbra, Portugal to organize a student association at the National University. He also did Red Triangle work with Portuguese soldiers in France during World War I.
Clark married a Brazilian woman in 1893. After his death in 1920 the Portuguese government awarded him the "Diploma of Knight of the Order of Christ."
Content Note: Clarke's papers include a short biographical sketch, a chronological record of his YMCA employment, and a family tree list of ancestors going back to 1609. There is a set of diaries, 1900-1911 and 1917-1920. These contain information primarily on his personal life and daily routines (reading, walks, letter writing, etc.) but also provide details on his YMCA work (lectures, official visits, meetings, and the writings of articles and correspondence). The diaries of the latter years are more complete, especially in relation to his YMCA work.
Other records include an article in Association News of 1905 about his return visit to the United States; a 1908 letter from John Mott about staff matters in South America; a 1915 annual report by Clark on the end of the work in Brazil and the beginning of his work in Portugal, and a 1918 annual report on work in Portugal including war relief work with Portuguese soldiers; two articles in Portuguese -- one from 1903 concerning his work in Brazil and one from 1918 on his work at the National University of Portugal; a transcript of his last diary entry; a 1920 telegram reporting his death; and correspondence (1965-1967) between his son Henry P. Clark and the YMCA Historical Library concerning biographical materials on Clark.
Box 34 Biographical.
Papers, 1877-1967.
Diaries, 1900-1920.
Box 33 Clark, N. Walling [i].
Clark, Orton Skinner [i].
Clark, Paul F.
Clark, Stephen Carlton.
Clarke, Alma Arthur.
Clarke, Doris E. [i].
Clarke, Doris E.
Clarke. Dumont [i].
Clarke, Elizabeth Dodge Huntington.
Clarke, Harry N.
Claxton, T. James.
Clay, Lucins D. (Gen.).
Claypoole, Jack O.
Clayter, James Frederick [i].
Clements, Wiley C.
Cleveland, C.
Cleveland, Richard F. [i].
Clifford, Arthur.
Clifford, John H. (Rev.) [i].
Cline, C. E.
Cline, Ted.
Cline, Warren Williams [i].
Clinehy, Everett R. (Dr.) .
Clinton, Jacob M. (Jake).
Clinton, Jacob Mancil [i].
Clodfelter, Gerald G. [i].
Clowers, Max W.
Coan, Frank Speer [i].
Coan, Janet -- see Frank Coan.
Coates, F. Collin.
Coates Herbert Precyval.
Cobb, George W.
Cobb, Leigh E.
Cobb, Oscar.
Coburn, Charles A.
Cockett, Marguerite S.:
Background Note: Marguerite Cockett (1879-1959) graduated from Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1905. From 1906 to 1914 she practiced medicine in Boston. She went to Philadelphia in 1914 and studied sculpture for two years. In 1916 she bought a car and brought it to France where she worked as an ambulance driver under the American Fund for French Wounded. She spent three months in Serbia establishing a French-Serbian hospital and also served on a hospital ship in the Mediterranean. In 1917 she established the first canteen under the YMCA American Expeditionary Forces. In 1918-1919 she was back in the United States giving speeches on war work.
Content Note: The papers include a 1917 diary of her medical work with soldiers, including ambulance driving; a pamphlet "Experiences in a YMCA Canteen" describing setting up and operating a canteen to feed, entertain, and provide medical care for soldiers; "Criticisms of the YMCA and an Attempt at an Explanation' by one of the Women Workers, Marguerite S. Cockett"; and a booklet of poetry by Cockett, Elizabeth Patterson, and C. Ursala Cooke.
Also included are some of Cockett's travel orders; letters and post cards in which Cockett describes her work in France; letters of thanks from soldiers; invitations to make speeches in the United States (some of these records are assembled into a scrapbook); and obituaries.
Other printed material includes a number of recruitment pamphlets for YMCA war works and a number of articles on topics such as YMCA war work (often mentioning Cockett), notices and reports on her speeches in the United States.
Box 35 Papers, 1917-1954.
Cockrell, Frank Parsons [i].
Coe, Joni.
Coetzee, Godfrey W.
Coffin, Clifford.
Coffin, Henry Sloane (Dr. Rev.).
Coffin, Howard A.
Coffin, William Sloane.
Coffman, Harold Coe.
Cogswell, Ledyard Jr.
Colbert, Philip M. [i].
Colby, Charles L.
Cole, Bruce M.
Cole, George Herbert [i].
Cole, Howard W.
Cole, Jack W.
Cole, Ralph, G.
Cole, Roger H.
Cole, Thomas S.
Box 36 Coleman, Frederick M.
Coleman, Katherine Madigan [i].
Coleman, William Coffin.
Coles, Walter C.
Colgate (family).
Collins, Millard Franklin [i].
Collins, Robert Davis [i].
Collins, Stanley Browning [i].
Collins, Zerah C.:
Background Note: Biographical information on Collins is scant. The first mention of his work with the YMCA is in 1898, when the Massachusetts and Rhode Island YMCA Committee sent him to Puerto Rico to work with American soldiers during the Spanish-American War. In 1899 he was sent to Philippines, again to work with soldiers. He spent his first year as secretary of the Manila association. Next he went to Iliolo for three years. He also worked on Cebu and at Camp Vicars on Mindanao.
Content Note: The papers consist primarily of letters relating to Collin's work providing soldiers with reading materials, entertainment, religious services, meals, and beds. There are a few letters from soldiers and officers thanking the YMCA for its services. One piece of correspondence not related to the Philippines is a 1916 letter by John R. Mott outlining his impressions of World War I and its effect on the countries involved.
Also included is a brief recollection by Collins of his first five years in the Philippines entitled "Memories of an Army Secretary" (1904) and instructions for preparing YMCA financial reports.
Box 37 Provenance.
Miscellaneous printed matter, undated.
Papers, 1898-1921.
Scrapbook, ca. 1900.
Box 239 "With the Army YMCA in the Spanish American War and in the Philippine Islands" and other miscellaneous oversized material, 1900, 1902, 1922.
Box 36 Colman, Lawrence J.
Colson, Ralph Brownell [i].
Colt, Leonard B.
Box 38 Colton, Ethan Theodore [i].
Colton, Winifred Jane.
Colvin, Harold W.
Colwell, William A.
Colyer, Vincent.
Combs, William.
Commager, Henry Steele.
Commander, Robert Charles.
Compton, Karl T.
Comstock, Anthony.
Conant, Edith W.
Conant, James Bryant (Dr.).
Conard, Phillip Arthur [i].
Condon, Edward J.
Conklin, Richard Carl [i].
Conklin, Robert J.
Conklin, William H. and Iola S.
Conley, Harry Nelson.
Converse, Guy Chester [i].
Converse, Paul E.
Convis, L. C.
Conwell, Russel H.
Cook, Charles B.
Cook, Ebenezer Thomas.
Cook, Howard A.
Cook, James E.
Cook, John Wesley.
Cooke, Ralph Wendling.
Box 39 Cooley, Frank Leonard [i].
Coolidge, Calvin (Pres) [i].
Coombs, Roy E.
Coons, David R.
Cooper, C. Russell.
Cooper, E. J.
Cooper, Richard D.
Cooper, Richard Daniel [i].
Cooper, William Knowles [i]:
Background Note: William Cooper (1867-1932) was born in Philadelphia in 1867 and received only an elementary school education. He was general secretary of the Norristown (Pennsylvania) association from 1890 to 1892, when he became the executive secretary of the Eastern District Branch in Brooklyn. From 1898 to 1908 he was the general secretary in Washington, D. C., and remained in this position until his retirement in 1929.
Content Note: There is a biographical sketch of Cooper written by his own son relating how his YMCA experience influenced his family life. Reports and speeches by Cooper are on topics such as friendship, enlisting men in the work of the church, principles of YMCA schools, and the administrative and legislative functions of the International Committee. A report (ca. 1920, apparently not authored by Cooper) entitled "Outline Studies of the World Work of the Young Men's Christian Associations" deals with the international role of the YMCA in view of changes brought about by World War I.
There are three articles of Cooper's which appeared in Association Men: a 1916 article on physical education, a 1919 article evaluating the work of the Commission on War Values, and a 1921 article on recommended books. Correspondence includes a number of 1920 letters from YMCA officials congratulating him for 30 years of service. Correspondence after his death relates to biographical requests on Cooper. Also included are a program from Cooper's testimonial dinner (1929) and a memorial program (1932).
Box 39 Papers, 1913-1967.
Cope, Louis.
Copeland, Charles Moore.
Copeland, John Paton.
Copeland, John W.
Coppers, George H.
Corbisiero, Joan.
Corcoran, Albert Tyron [i].
Cordier, Andrew W.
Cordiner, Ralph J.
Corey, E. A.
Cornelius, Neson.
Cornius, Edwin T.
Corsan, George H.
Corwin, George Brownson.
Cosby, W. M.
Costas, Alex James [i].
Costas, James Harvey [i].
Box 40 Coston, William Porter [i].
Cotten, Roy E.
Cottingham, W. H.
Cotton, Arthur [i]
Cotton, C. W. E.
Coulter, John Lawrence.
Couper, Edgar J.:
Background Note: Edgar Couper (1864-1951) rose through the ranks of the Northwest Knitting Company (a predecessor of Munsingwear) in Minneapolis, where he earned a reputation as a successful salesman. He joined the YMCA in 1900 when he was elected to the Board of Directors of the Minneapolis association. He gained prominence during the 50th anniversary of the association in 1916 by helping plan this event and by raising a substantial sum of money for new YMCA buildings in the city. From 1917 to 1928 he was the president of the association, and from 1917 to 1933 he served on its finance committee. Also in 1917 he was appointed to the War Work Council, and in 1918 he went to France and did YMCA work with soldiers. In the 1920s he continued to raise money for the Minneapolis YMCA. He served on its World Service Committee and on its Endowment Committee, as well as being elected chairman of the YMCA College in Chicago. He traveled to the Far East in 1920 for the International Committee and to South America in 1929 for the Foreign Committee.
In the 1930s he took a position with an investment banking firm and became less active in the YMCA. In addition to his YMCA activities he was president of the Minneapolis Civil and Commerce Association and raised money for the Liberty Loan Campaign during World War II.
Content Note: The papers include a biographical sketch (ca. 1959) of Couper by S. Wirt Wiley and a shorter sketch of his YMCA activities until 1930. There are a few letters between Couper and Wiley, mostly of a personal nature but also containing some of Couper's recollections of his YMCA work. Other correspondence after his death relates to searching for biographical material on him. New articles include a memorial notice from the Minneapolis Star and a piece about his home in Minnetonka Beach, Minnesota.
Box 40 Biographical.
Papers, 1924-1929.
Courtney, Bette.
Couse, William J.
Cousins, Norman.
Cousins, Solon B.
Covello, Leonard.
Cowell, Charles C.
Cowles, Elijah Strong.
Cowles, Gardner.
Cowles, John.
Cowles, Samuel Macon [i].
Cox, Dale.
Coxhead, George T.:
Background Note: Coxhead (1862 - ?) helped to found the Western Secretarial Institute in the mid-1880s (the Institute later became the George Williams College). He was elected a member of the Executive Committee in 1885 and in 1886 became a member of the Board of Directors. He remained a member of the board until 1913.
He served two years each as the general secretary of the Kansas City (Missouri) railroad association before and the state secretary of Missouri before becoming general secretary of the St. Louis association. In 1912 he became a secretary on the International Committee staff. He retired in 1922.
Content Note: The papers include a number of reports written by Coxhead on YMCA administration, history, and principles. Two papers on the general character of the YMCA are included: "Fundamental Principles of the YMCA and "The Responsibility of Membership in the YMCA."
Correspondence includes a number of reports written by Coxhead relating to a 1902 controversy concerning local autonomy of associations. Correspondence from Coxhead's son, William G., relates to sending materials and photographs. His letter of February 28, 1953 has as an attachment a 1905 letter from George Williams congratulating Coxhead on his work.
Coxhead's autograph book (1885-1944) contains the signatures of many YMCA leaders. A 1912 article in Christian Manhood summarizes his YMCA work up until that time.
Box 41 Provenance.
Biographical.
Papers, undated and 1902-1969.
Coxhead, William George [i].
Cozzens, Henry A.
Crackel, Matthew David [i].
Craft, Henry K.
Craig, Allen M.
Craig, Cleo F.
Craig, Garland [i].
Craig, Joseph Albert.
Crampton, Arthur L.
Crampton, C. Ward (Dr.).
Crane, Charles R.
Crane, Frank (Dr.).
Crane, Henry Hitt.
Crane, Robert C.
Crane, Winthrop Murray.
Craver, William C.
Creamer, William G.
Cree, John Gordon
Cree, Thomas Kirby:
Background Note: Cree (? - 1912) began his YMCA work as general secretary of the Pittsburgh association in 1869. He also served as chairman of the Pennsylvania State Committee. In 1875 he became a member of the International Committee, on which he served until his death. During 1879-1880 he toured the South to help reorganize and strengthen many associations. From 1878 to 1888 he was a delegate to the World Alliance Conferences, and in 1888 he drew up the rules of procedure for that organization.
In a governmental capacity, Cree served on the Commission on Indian Affairs appointed by President Grant.
Content Note: The papers include a diary of the 1880s of Cree's tour of the South and New York state. They detail Cree's efforts to strengthen the organization and programs of the associations he visited. They include information on such topics as railroad work, college work, fund raising, library facilities, bible classes, and staff evaluation.
Other materials include news articles reporting on Cree's visits and fund raising programs, a YMCA membership letter, various church bulletins, a program for a 1902 recognition dinner for Cree, and a 1912 letter from Richard Morse noting Cree's death and summarizing his career.
Box 41 Biographical.
Papers, 1875-1972.
Diaries, 1879-1885.
Box 42 Creeger, Marion J. (Rev.).
Creel, Dana S.
Creese, William.
Creighton, David Coleridge [i].
Creighton, Roy Lamont [i].
Cremer, M. A.
Cressy, Gordon C.
Crew, Malcolm Richard [i].
Crider, Blake.
Critten, George Barton.
Crocker, John Howard [i].
Crockett, Roy A.
Cropsey, James Church [i].
Crosby, F. A.
Crosby, Williams H.
Cross, Harry D.
Cross, Hartley W.
Crossett, Lewis A.:
Miscellaneous biographical material.
Box 239 Miscellaneous oversized biographical material.
Box 42 Crowe, H. J.
Crumly, Charles L.
Crummey, John D.
Crutchfield, W. W. [i].
Cruz, Wenceslao [i].
Cubbon, Robert .
Cuckow, Filmer S. [i].
Cudworth, Grace F.
Cuerbas, Emilio del Toro [i].
Cuevas, Jose A. [i].
Culbertson, William.
Cull, Louis D.
Culler, Robert A.
Cullman, Howard S.
Culmer, Charles, Mrs.
Cummings, Earle Richmond [i].
Cummings, Elbert A.
Cummings, Richard H.
Cummings, Robert Burton.
Cureton, Kirk Thomas.
Curry, Catherine.
Curtis, Edward Stanage.
Box 43 Cushing, Richard Cardinal.
Cushman, James, Mrs.
Custer, Ben Scott (Dr.).
Custer, Irwin Dallas [i].
Custer, John A.
Custer, John Alexander [i].
Cutbill, Edward ("Ted").
Cutler, Albert C.
Cutler, Condict W. Jr. (Dr.).
Cutler, Frank.
Cutten, George Barton [i].
Cuyler, Theodore Ledyard (Rev. Dr.).
Cynn, Hugh Heung Wu [i].
Dabb, Edith Monville.
Dadisman, John Hunter [i].
Dahlberg, Edwin T.
Dailey, Charles C.
Dalai Lama.
Dale, Kenneth S.
Dallas, John T. (Rev.).
Dammann, Harold I.
Danforth, Donald.
Daniels, John W.
Danielson, Andrew John [i].
Danielson, John.
Danielson, Paul A.
Dannenmann, P. Arnold [i].
Danner, Paul Rutledge [i].
Daron, E. Max.
Darr, Milton.
Darsey, Fred.
Darter, Lewis Jefferson.
Datta, Surendra Kumar [i].
Daugherty, Gregory D. [i].
Davenport, William Roswell.
Davidson, Alexander B. [i].
Davidson, G. Aubrey.
Davidson, Roland Gilbert [i].
Davidson, William J.
Davies, Conley K. [i].
Davies, Conley Milburn [i].
Davies, J. Elwin [i].
Davies, Paul B.
Davis, Admiral Ralph.
Davis, Ben F. ("Benny").
Davis, Charles [i].
Box 44 Davis, Darius Alton [i].
Background Note: Davis (1883-1970) graduated from Syracuse University in 1907 and immediately went to work for the YMCA as director of religious activities in Washington, D. C. In 1910 he began international work as the general secretary in Turkey, where he organized war relief work during the Balkan Wars. In 1915 he went to work for the International Committee working with prisoners of war in France, Italy, and Sardinia. In 1917 at the request of General Pershing he worked on establishing 1,600 YMCA huts in France for Allied soldiers.
After World War I Davis continued his international YMCA service in a number of positions. In 1919 the International Committee appointed him senior representative in Europe; his work concentrated on organizing YMCAs in Eastern Europe. From 1925 to 1932 he served as secretary of the National Council of Switzerland. From 1931 to 1949 he served as associate general secretary of the World YMCA. In this position during World War II he worked with the YMCA's War Prisoners' Aid program, which provided religious, educational, and recreational services to prisoners of war in Europe and the Far East. From 1945 to 1949 Davis was the senior representative of the YMCA in Germany, working on service to displaced persons and former prisoners of war. In 1949 he came back to the United States and continued to work on the International Committee staff.
Davis was married and had one daughter. Syracuse University granted him honorary L. H. D. in 1923. Throughout most of his European work he resided in Geneva, Switzerland.
Box 43 Davis, Harold.
Davis, Herbert A.
Davis, Jerome Dwight (Dr.).
Davis, John C.
Davis, John Merle [i].
Davis, John W.
Davis, Melwood.
Davis, Noah.
Davis, Raymond [i].
Davis, William J.
Box 46 Davison, Betsy.
Davison, Harold M.
Davison, Waldo Burton [i].
Dawkins, Peter M.
Dawes, Rufus.
Dawson, Arthur Osborne.
Day, Frank Ashley.
Day, George Martin [i].
Day, Horace C.
Day, James Edward.
Day, Kenneth Wayne [i].
Day, Raymond E. [i].
Day, Sherwood Sunderland [i].
Dayton, George.
Dayton, Ward W.
de Anguera, Herman Clifford [i].
de Couriss, Miss Luba [i].
de Vargas, Phillippe [i].
Deal, Leslie S.
Dean, David [i].
Dean, David F.
Dean, John W.
Dean, Michael Dell [i].
Dean, Norbert W.
Dean, Sherman W.
Deane, Douglas M.
Deane, John M.
Dearmont, Russell L.
DeBarbadillo, John.
DeCastro, Nita.
Dechert, Robert.
Decker, Nevin H.
Decter, Clarence F.
Deen, Yolanda M.
Dees, Morris.
DeFrantz, F. E.
DeFrantz, Robert B.
Defren, Ann.
DeGast, Leonard W.
DeGast, Marinus.
DeGrafenread, James.
DeGroat, H. S.
Dehn, Lawrence R.
Del Ford, Emilio.
Dellert, W. David.
Demarche, David F.
Demke, Joseph A.
Denham, Hardy.
Denio, Lawrence O.
Denise, J. C.
Box 47 Denison, Edward F.
Denison, W. Harold [i].
Denman, Edson H.
Denning, Lester James.
Dennis, Clarence Michael James.
Dennis, Herbert Ernest [i].
Dennis, Merle E.
Dennison, W. Harold.
Depew, Chauncey M.
Derthick, Lawrence G.
Detuncq, Harold E.
Devanandan, Paul David.
DeVenney, Allan R.
DeWar, William Hewitt.
Dewhurst, Stephen.
Dewick, Edward Chisholm [i].
Dexter, Henry M.
DeYoung, Russell.
DeYoung, Vernon (Dr.).
Dharmaraj, M. G. ("Dharma") [i].
Diack, Walter T. [i].
Diamand, Michael.
Diamantides, Diamandes George [i].
Diamond, Michael Walton [i].
Diaz, Manuel Joaquin [i].
Dick, Lewis A.
Dickens, Frederick William [i].
Dickerson, Roy E.
Dickinson, J. B.
Dickson, Raymond L.
Dickson, Henry D.
Box 48 Dietz, Alvin F.
Dietz, Louis I.
Dietz, Wlliam.
Diffendorfer, Ralph E.
Diggs, James C.
Dilley, Earl Edward [i].
Dillon, Frank T.
Dilworth, J. Dale.
Dimock, Hedley S.
Dineros, Jesus [i]
Dinsmore, Lee Fries [i]
Dinuiddie, A. B.
Diasquale, Philip [i].
Dix, Philo C.
Dixon, James Floyd [i].
Dixon, Leonard Alexander [i].
Box 49 Doak, Leslie Alson [i].
Doaue, W. H.
Dodds, Allen.
Box 50 Dodge, Arthur M.
Dodge, Bayard [i].
Dodge, Clarence Phelps.
Dodge, Cleveland E.:
Background Note: Cleveland E. Dodge (1888-?) was a New York industrialist who was chairman of the Phelps Dodge Corporation, a copper mining business which he inherited from his father Cleveland H. Dodge. Like his father, he became active in YMCA work soon after graduating from Princeton University; he affiliated himself with the Institute and Intercollegiate branches of the New York City association. In 1910 he began to work with the YMCA World Services Program. In 1916 he was elected to the International Committee, a position which he held until 1960 (he became chairman in 1935). From 1925 to 1935 he was president of the New York City YMCA.
Outside of his YMCA work, Dodge pursued various educational and charitable causes. He was president and chairman of the Cleveland H. Dodge Foundation, which had been set up by his father to promote Christian character among young people. He was chairman of the board of the Teachers College of Columbia University. From 1930 to 1968 he was president and chairman of the Near East Foundation, which supported American colleges in the Near East.
Dodge was recognized numerous times for his philanthropic endeavors: in 1951 he received an honorary doctorate from Princeton University; in 1952 an honorary doctorate of laws from New York University; in 1954 the Layman of the Year Award from the National Council of Churches of Christ; in 1958 the YMCA Distinguished Service Award; and in 1968 the Cleveland E. Dodge Leadership Development Fund was established to honor his work.
Content Note: The papers include a number of biographical data sheets and sketches of unidentified authorship; a 1953 address by Dodge to the American Newcomen on "YMCA: A Century at New York (1852-1952)"; correspondence relating to the history of the Dodge family; news articles, invitations, and programs relating to events honoring Dodge; and the remarks of Eugene E. Barnett at Dodge's 1969 testimonial dinner.
Box 50 Biographical.
Papers, 1936-1978.
Dodge, Cleveland H.:
Background Note: Cleveland H. Dodge was a New York businessman who started out as a partner in the Phelps Dodge Company (a copper mining venture) and later became its vice president and chairman of the board. After graduating from Princeton University in 1879 he soon became active in the Bowery Branch of the Young Men's Institute. From 1888 to 1908 he was a member of the New York City association's Board of Directors, and from 1890 to 1903 he was president of the association. He also served on its Board of Trustees from 1890 to 1915 and as its advisory director from 1908 to his death.
Dodge was also engaged in philanthropic work outside the YMCA. In 1917 he established the Cleveland H. Dodge Foundation to support various educational and welfare organizations. He was an active supporter of American universities in the Near East, including Robert College in Istanbul and American University in Beirut. He was a trustee of both the Russell Sage Foundation and the Carnegie Institution. He was the son of William E. Dodge and the father of Cleveland E. Dodge.
Content Note: The papers include a biographical sketch in The National Cyclopedia of American Biography; an unpublished, undated biographical sketch by Ethan T. Colton; an 1885 paper by Dodge, "How Can Our Association Better Adapt Themselves to the Needs of Young Men of All Classes"; some handwritten biographical notes; a 1926 biographical sketch by Charles V. Vickrey detailing Dodge's relief efforts in the Near East after World War I; three reports of the Cleveland H. Dodge Association; and newspaper obituaries.
Box 50 Biographical.
Papers, 1885-1961.
Dodge, Marcellus Hartley.
Dodge, William E., Sr.:
Background Note: William Dodge, Sr. (1805-1883), founded the Phelps, Dodge and Company, which engaged in copper mining; he also invested in timber and railroads. He became president of the New York City Branch during the Civil War and continued in this position until 1866, when his son William, Jr., took that position. He helped raise contributions and contributed generously himself for a new YMCA building in New York City. He gave an address at the 1881 World Conference in London in which he explained the importance of the new building to the YMCA program. He was active in a variety of other religious endeavors, including the American Bible Society, the American Tract Society, and the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. His descendents include William Dodge, Jr., Cleveland H. Dodge, Cleveland E. Dodge, and Bayard Dodge.
Content Note: The papers include an unpublished, undated sketch Ethan T. Colton; handwritten biographical notes (probably Colton's); two other short biographical sketches; excerpts from "Annals of the U. S. Christian Commission" mentioning Dodge as a founding member; three handwritten letters by Dodge, 1867-1881, which are somewhat illegible; newspaper obituaries; and correspondence concerning biographical materials.
Box 50 Biographical.
Papers, 1867-1960.
Dodge, William Jr.:
Background Note: William E. Dodge, Jr. (1832-1903) was an investor in mining and railroad interests. He had been active in the New York City association since its founding in 1852 as a director and advisory director. In 1865 he became its president and was instrumental in revising its constitution and having a new building constructed. His contributions were also important in establishing an army YMCA on Governor's Island in New York Harbor. Through his discussions with a group of Princeton University students he became active fostering YMCA work to colleges. He was the father of Cleveland H. Dodge and the son of William E. Dodge, Sr.
Content Note: The records include a biographical sketch from The National Cyclopedia of American Biography and one by Ethan Colton; excerpts from books on YMCA history and convention minutes mentioning Dodge; an 1881 address by Dodge entitled "Qualifications and Work of a President of a Young Men's Christian Association"; a handwritten letter of 1882 from Dodge to Richard Morse donating $250 to the YMCA; newspaper obituaries; and correspondence concerning the exchange of biographical information about Dodge.
Box 50 Biographical.
Papers, 1867-1963.
Box 49 Dodson, Dan W.
Doenecke, Charles C. [i].
Doggett, Laurence Locke [i]:
Background Note: Doggett (1864-1957) was born in Manchester, Iowa, in 1854. He attended Oberlin College, where he was a member of the student YMCA, and graduated in 1886. He then entered Oberlin Theological Seminary, where he was president of the college YMCA. In 1888-1889 he worked assisting the Ohio state secretary by raising funds for new associations in the state. He also attended the first secretary's conference in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1889. From late 1889 to 1890 he attended the Union Theological Seminary and graduated with an M.A. He then went back to working for the Ohio state secretary organizing new associations until 1893. From 1893 to 1895 he studied at Berlin and Leipzig and received a Ph.D. at Leipzig.
On his return to the United States he was given the position of state secretary of Ohio, which he held until 1896. In that year he became president of Springfield College. In the forty years he held that position, the college grew impressively in terms of students, faculty, and facilities. Doggett was also instrumental in establishing a similar college in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1927.
Content Note: Doggett's papers include articles concerning his appointment as state secretary of Ohio (1895) and his retirement of the YMCA Springfield College (1935). The November 1935 issue of The College at Springfield Bulletin includes tributes by prominent YMCA officials, including Benjamin A. Franklin, W. D. Weatherford, Darius A. Davis and Fletcher S. Brockman. A 1937 New York Times article covers an award given to him by the Estonian government. Most of the correspondence relates to the events connected with his retirement and death. Various obituaries are also in the records, including one from the November 1957 Springfield College Bulletin.
Box 49 Biographical.
Papers, 1891-1958.
Dolbey, James M.
Dole, Andrew R.
Dollar, Capt. Robert [i]:
Background Note: Dollar (1844-1932) was born in Falkirk, Scotland in 1844. In 1867 his family immigrated to Quebec, where Robert soon found employment in the lumber industry. He eventually went into the lumber business as an owner, and though temporarily set back by the panic of 1873, he gradually expanded to the point where he had lucrative lumber business centered in California. To help transport the lumber he began to build a shipping fleet in the late 1890s. By 1910 his ships were going to Japan, China, and Singapore, and by 1924 his company boasted of around-the-world- service.
Parallel to his rise in business was his interest in the YMCA. He attended the annual meeting of the Marquette (Michigan) association in 1888 and in 1889 he made a donation to the San Francisco association for a building project. In 1910 while traveling in China he attended a reception at the Shanghai association. In subsequent visits to the Orient he visited YMCAs in Japan, China, the Philippines, and India. In 1916 he became president of the San Francisco YMCA, and he held this position until 1921. He concentrated his efforts as president on reducing the debt of the association. He gave generous contributions to various associations in China including funds for new buildings in Wuchang and Shanghai.
Dollar also supported several other charities, including the San Francisco Theological Seminary and the Presbyterian Orphanage in San Anslemo.
Content Note: Robert Dollar's papers include a number of biographical sketches: one from The National Cyclopedia of American Biography; one by George A. Fitch entitled "Grand Old Man of the Pacific -- and of the YMCA"; a March 1949 issue of Science of Mind. "Captain Dollar and the Wuchang YMCA" by Arthur M. Guttery recalls his efforts in helping to finance a new building there and a 1926 article by Dollar himself reflects on his many trips to China. A paper entitled "Presidents of the San Francisco YMCA" cover his presidency of the San Francisco YMCA from 1916-1921 (as well as a number of other San Francisco presidents).
A set of typewritten notes listing entries from his diary, 1888-1931, which relate to the YMCA (mostly San Francisco association) is included in the records (the diary itself is not present). A 1952 booklet entitled Highlights: The Dollar Line Case outlines a dispute involving his shipping company. It also includes biographical sketches of Dollar, his sons, and grandsons.
Articles on Dollar cover topics such as his travels and YMCA work in China, his shipping company, YMCA fund drives, his retirement from the San Francisco presidency, and obituaries.
Box 49 Biographical.
Papers, 1886-1957.
Dollar, Robert Stanley.
Dome, Arthur Edmond [i].
Dome, Earl [i].
Donaldson, Rodney E.
Donhowe, Orlin L. Jr. [i].
Donnell, James C. II:
Background Note: Donnell (1910- ?) was born in Findlay, Ohio, the son of O. D. Donnell, who was president of the Ohio Oil Company (later Marathon Oil). After he graduated from Princeton in 1932 he took a position in the company, and by 1948 he had succeeded his father as president.
Donnell was elected to the International Board in 1941, after having been active in the Ohio YMCA, including serving as president of the Findlay (Ohio) association. In 1943 he was elected to the National Board. In 1954 he was elected as president of the National Council. He was elected president of the World Alliance in 1965. In 1956 Donnell was given an honorary Doctor of Laws degree at George Williams College, and he received a number of other honorary degrees in subsequent years. He was also a trustee at Bowling Green University.
Content Note: Donnell's papers include a 27 page biography by Hemager; a 1966 chronology of Donnell's YMCA work; a biographical sketch of Ezekiel J. Donnell (probably an ancestor); a biographical sketch of Donnell's grandfather, James G. Donnell, from the National Cyclopedia of National Biography; and a 1948 article on the retirement of Donnell's father, Otto D. Donnell.
Miuch of the material deals with Donnell's career as an oil industry executive. There include articles on him and his company. Ohio Oil, in industry journals, business periodicals, and newspapers; some of these articles mention his YMCA work. Also included is a speech he gave to the Newcomen Society on the history of Ohio Oil.
Other records include his addresses to the National Council as president from 1956 assessing the leadership, finance, and programs of the American YMCA. He is mentioned in a number of articles in the National Council Bulletin connection with official events and appointments, most notably his being chosen as president of the World Alliance. An explanation of the function of the World Alliance is contained in a 1968 text of his remarks before the American Club of Geneva.
There is only a small amount of correspondence in Donnell's papers. It includes a 1947 letter from E. E. Barnett reporting on his international travels; a 1949 letter in connection with a Donnell for student work; various letters relating to the administration of local associations; and correspondence relating to biographical materials on Donnell.
Box 49 Biographical.
Papers, 1947-1970.
Donnell, John R.
Donnell, Otto D.
Box 51 Donnelly (family).
Donovan, Herbert A. Jr.
Donovan, Jim.
Doty, Richards.
Douchkoff, Leroy Stanley [i].
Doud, Harry Gardner [i].
Douglas, Paul Howard.
Douglas, R. L.
Douglas, Walter C.
Douglas, William O.
Douglass, Harlan Paul.
Douglass, Wendell Scott.
Dourado, Adalvo Nunes.
Douwsma, Doward G.
Douwsma, Gerritt Ben [i].
Dow, Leslie M. [i].
Dow, Neal (Gen.).
Dower, J. T.
Dowling, H. M.
Dowling, William D.
Downing, Frank T.
Downing, Thomas Michael [i].
Downs, Thomas J.
Downs, Virginia Myers.
Box 52 Doxzon, Stephen Dudley [i].
Drack, Walter T.
Draffen, Ernie.
Drake, Elkanah.
Drake, Matthias C. [i].
Draper, George O.
Drew, Dwight C.
Drilling, Charles V. [i].
Drollinger, Harley F.
Drum, Charles R.
Drummond, Henry.
Drury, Clifton (Cap).
Drury, Clifton Mott.
Dubach, U. G. [i].
DuBois, L. Carl.
DuBridge, Lee A.
Duckworth, E. G.
Dudley, Herbert L.
Dudley, Joseph M.
Dudley, Sumner F.
Duff, J. Ben.
Duffy, Edward Francis [i].
Duke, Raymond J.
Dulles, John F.
Dunant, Henri.
DunBaugh, Harry J.
Duncan, George S.
Duncan, Joseph S.
Duncan, The Legacy.
Duncan, Thomas.
Box 53 Dunbar, Elizabeth Lea [i].
Box 54 Dunderdale, John H. [i].
Content Note: Includes manuscript, "How YMCA took on an International Dimension."
Dungan, Nelson Y.
Dunn, Lewis W.
Dunn, William J.
Dupont, T. Coleman.
Duran, Clement A. ("Pete").
Durgin, Lawrence L.
Durgin, Russell Luther [i].
Durkee, Howard Bertram [i].
Dutton, E. H. [i].
Dye, Robert R.
Dyer, C. J. ("Chal").
Box 55 Dymond, L. E.
Eagen, John J.:
Background Note: Eagen (1870-1924) was born in Griffin, Georgia in 1870. His father died when John was a few months old, and he was raised by his mother and uncle. He began working in his uncle's tobacco shop in his teens, and at his uncle's death in 1899 he inherited his wealth. After a number of temporary business ventures, in 1905 he joined a group of investors to organize the American Cast Iron Pipe Company (ACIPCO) in Birmingham, Alabama, eventually becoming its chairman of the board and president. From the beginning Eagen implemented Christian and sociological principles to the employee relations of the company. He devised a plan by which surplus profits were distributed to the employees, and he created a board of imperatives to provide cooperation between workers and management. In the area of employee welfare, in 1913 Eagen established a YMCA office at the company, which organized programs in recreation, athletics, physical education, camping, and religious instruction. Services were provided for employees and their sons; all programs were segregated. Eagen believed that the company's investment in the YMCA program provided a valuable return by strengthening employee morale, reducing absenteeism, accidents, and turnover, and creating a Christian and humane work environment.
Eagen was also active in many areas of national YMCA work. During World War I he was vice chairman of the Committee on Training Camp Activities and a member of the War Work Council. After the war, he was among a group of men who were concerned with how black soldiers would adjust to civilian life after having served in France, where they were well treated. Supported by other YMCA leaders such as W. D. Weatherford, John R. Mott and Cleveland H. Dodge, Eagen was instrumental in establishing schools in Blue Ridge, North Carolina and Atlanta, Georgia, to train YMCA layman how to aid the reintegration of black soldiers into community life. As a result of this work, the Southern Interracial Commission was established in the spring of 1919 and Eagen was elected its first chairman. He was also a member of the International Committee from 1915 to 1924 and on its Industrial Department Committee from 1919 to 1923.
Content Note: The papers include extensive biographical material: a 227 page, published biography by Robert E. Speer; a 20 page biographical sketch by W. D. Weatherford; a shorter biographical sketch of unidentified authorship; and the John J. Eagan memorial issue of Apico News (May 1924). Also included is a chronological list of references to Eagan in YMCA historical records, and a short compilation of excerpts from Association Men, The YMCA Yearbook, and Who's Who in America.
Other records include correspondence relating to biographical inquiries regarding Eagan; a 1954 speech by W. D. Weatherford for Eagan Day services at Berea College on the business principles of Eagan's company; a short statement of the origins and aims of the Southern Regional Council; and a number of issues of Acipco News (the company periodical), which contains references to the YMCA program there.
Box 55 Biographical.
Papers, 1918-1958.
Acipco News, 1934-1938.
Eagleson, Archibald C.
Eakin, Paul A. [i].
Earl, Edwin Charles [i].
Early, Allen.
East, Arthur Milton.
Eastman, Charles M.
Eastman, Harry L.
Ebara, Soroku [i].
Eberhart, Adolph D. [i].
Eberly, Alden.
Ebersole, Amos A. [i].
Eby, Edwin S.
Eddy, A. S.
Eddy, George Sherwood [i]:
Background Note: G. Sherwood Eddy (1871-1963) was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, and educated as an engineer at Yale, where he graduated in 1891. That summer he lead a bible class at the Northfield Conference and decided to enter YMCA work. He continued his education for two years at the Union Theological Seminary and for another year at the Princeton Theological Seminary. In 1894 his father died and left him an inheritance. He carried on the family business and was successful at it, but he began to wrestle with ideas of social justice and the influence of wealth. He decided not to attempt to increase his wealth but to devote it to Christian work. On this basis he went to India as a missionary as a representative of the International Committee, paying his own expenses. He soon took charge of a mission in south India and remained there for 15 years.
In 1910 the International Committee appointed Eddy as secretary for Asia; he worked primarily in China with students. He held evangelical meetings and drew thousands in numerous Chinese cities. In 1912 he visited Russia for the first time. During World War I he worked at the French Front providing YMCA services.
In the 1920s while Eddy continued to associate himself with the International Committee (he did not officially retire until 1930), he was also independently gaining a reputation as a speaker and educator on international affairs. In 1921 he established the American Seminar to operate study tours of Europe to investigate political, economic, and religious conditions there. Designed to counteract American isolationist tendencies, the Seminar operated until the beginning of World War II and was re-established after the war. Incidentally, although Eddy was an avowed pacifist, he expressed his acceptance of armed resistance to the Nazis. His opinions also continued to become more favorable towards socialism, and he became the object of anti-Communist criticism, reaching its peak in the McCarthy era. Eddy managed to maintain friendly relations with the YMCA for its lack of forcefulness in disassociating itself with Eddy's opinions.
Eddy was married twice. He married Alice Arden in 1897. Their son died in World War I in an influenza epidemic, and a daughter died in 1932. Alice herself died in 1945. A year later Eddy married Louise Gates, who had been active in the Toledo and Montreal YMCAs and had been general secretary of the Canadian YWCA during World War II. Eddy was a prolific writer, producing 37 books in his lifetime on topics such as youth, social reform, and international affairs.
Content Note: Most of the materials deal with Eddy's interest in international affairs and do not reveal much about his YMCA work. There is a fair amount of Eddy's own writings. These include an 1898 tract on Eddy's own views on baptism; a 1914 pamphlet entitled "How China's Leaders Received the Gospel," which describes Eddy's evangelizing and mass meetings in China; and a series of reports throughout the 1940s on the social conditions in various countries, including titles such as "The Crisis in Europe," The Unfinished Revolution in China," "The New Japan," and "Religion and Politics in India." Also included is a November 1946 report by Paul B. Anderson entitled "The YMCA in Europe."
The correspondence covers a wide variety of topics but again tends to focus on international affairs. A number of 1911 and 1912 letters list Eddy's financial contributions for YMCA foreign work. A series of "Dear Friend" letters of 1917 describes the conditions of the French front during World War I. A November 1917 letter reports that YMCA work in China may be postponed on account of urgent needs in Europe. A 1931 cablegram to Eddy reports on Japanese aggression in China. Correspondence throughout the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s reflect the criticism of Eddy's outspoken support of socialism in Russia. Often this correspondence resulted from Eddy's lectures and relate discontent on the part of YMCA laymen and others that the YMCA was associated with its materials relating to the planning, lectures, and evaluation of the American Seminar. Correspondence from Eddy's later life includes congratulatory correspondence on his 90th birthday in 1961 and condolences and death notices from 1963.
Most of the articles about Eddy concern his travels or his controversial opinions. A 1920 article in The Orient concerns his visit to Istanbul. Articles in the 1930s and 1940s report his criticism of capitalism and praise of socialism. In the late 1940s he became critical of U. S. foreign policy in China and was a vocal opponent of Chiang Kai-Shek. These opinions drew angry responses in newspaper editorials and letters to the editor which are included in the papers.
Records after his death include material relating to a 1963 symposium on the "unfinished tasks" of Eddy.
Box 55 Biographical.
Provenance.
Papers, 1898-1939, 1944-1975.
Box 239 Power of attorney for E. T. Colton, 1912.
Box 55 Edgar, Samuel A.
Edgemon, Williams S.
Edgerton, J. E.
Edgren, Harry D. (Dr.).
Edgren, Harry W.
Box 56 Edmonds, Franklin Spencer.
Edwards, Benny.
Edwards, Dwight Woodbridge [i].
Edwards, Margaret.
Edwards, Richard H. (Rev.).
Edworthy, B. V.
Eggert, Delmar D.
Eggleston, James F.
Egner, Arthur F.
Ehmann, Edwin W.
Eicher, Hubert Clark [i].
Eickmeyer, Ada Rebecca [i].
Eickmeyer, Robert M.
Eisenhower, Dwight D.
Eldridge, C. Kenneth and Sue.
Eldridge, Fred I.
Eleopoulos, Nikiforos
Ellenwood, James Lee:
Background Note: James Ellenwood (1891-1959) was born in Dannemora, New York, in 1891 and graduated from Columbia University in 1913. He then studied for the ministry at Drew Seminary and the Union Theological Seminary. He later (1935) received an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from the College of the Ozarks. He joined the staff of the New York State YMCA in 1924 as religious work secretary after having served as a Methodist minister in Lake George, Port Henry, and a number of other towns. Ellenwood was a strong believer in the religious mission of the YMCA and was concerned that other YMCA programs would weaken this mission. He was executive secretary of the state organization from 1931 to 1947, when he retired. During this period he oversaw the establishment of ten new associations, served on a committee to increase overseas aid, instituted laymen's conferences and industrial activities, and organized fund raising campaigns for state camps and service to military personnel. Throughout his employment with the YMCA and after his retirement he followed a busy speaking schedule, appearing not only to associations but also to schools, churches, and rotary clubs.
Ellenwood authored five books on family life and one on speaking. He was married and had four children.
Content Note: Most of Ellenwood's papers relate to his speaking engagements and not to his administrative work in the YMCA. The bulk of the correspondence is concerned with speaking invitations, schedules, and expenses. There are also letters of thanks and reactions to his speeches. Also included are itineraries of speaking engagements, and some speech-by-speech journals containing Ellenwood's impressions of the audiences and their reaction to his speech. News articles are included announcing the speech.
There are only two texts of his speeches: "Christ and the Young Man of the World," and "Where Do We Go from Here in YMCA Physical Education." There are also two publications by Ellenwood: a pamphlet evaluating the role of the general secretary in the history of the YMCA entitled "One Hundred Years and Here are the General Secretaries," and an article on "Today's Youth" from the 1955 annual meeting in Chicago.
A memorial program and newspaper obituaries date from Ellenwood's death in 1959.
Box 56 Biographical.
Papers, 1944-1959.
Elliman, Douglas L.
Ellinghaus, William M.
Elliott, Arthur J. [i].
Elliott, Clarence, S.
Elliott, George A.
Elliott, George Nathaniel.
Elliott, Harrison Sacket [i]:
Background Note: Elliot was born in St. Clairsville, Ohio. He received a B. A. from Ohio Wesleyan in 1905 and a B. D. from Drew Theological Seminary in 1911. He attended Oxford (England) in 1931 and Yale in 1933-1934; he received a Ph.D. in 1940 (from Yale?). From 1910 to 1922 he was secretary of the International Committee. The first seven of these years he spent working for the student department developing bible study groups in student associations. These were years that the YMCA was losing some of its religious focus, and Elliott's critics accused him of aiding this process by his commitment to religious liberalism and group interaction in bible study. Also through his bible study work, he developed ideas on group thinking which he incorporated into a 1928 book The Process of Group Thinking. From 1918 to 1922 he worked in the Association Press; he also worked "on loan" to the War Work Council in 1917-1918. He spent his last year with the International Committee in the religious work department.
In 1922 Elliott resigned as staff member and took a position at the Union Theological Seminary. He continued his YMCA work as a lay leader on a number of committees, including the National Boys Work Department Committee, the Student Division Committee, and the Association Press Committee. He also traveled to various local associations as a speaker, teacher, and consultant, continuing to develop and apply his ideas of group communication and democracy in organizations. He was also a delegate at the 1923 World Conference of YMCA Leaders of Boys Work at Porschach, Austria, and the 1926 Conference on Boys Work at Helsingfors, Finland. In 1946 he became chairman of the Association Press Committee.
In 1944 Elliott was ordained; he had been active for many years in the Methodist church. In 1950 he became executive secretary of the Religious Education Association.
Elliott authored numerous books, including How Jesus Met Life Questions (1920), The Bearing of Psychology on Religion (1927), Group Discussion in Religious Education (1930), and Can Religious Education by Christian? (1940).
Content Note: Most of Elliott's records relate to his committee work with the Association Press. These include correspondence, agendas, minutes from board of publication meetings and related committees; correspondence and reports on specific books, pricing policies, inventories, and financial matters; and a 1928 report on the history of editorial policy for Association Men. These papers are in Elliott's files labeled "Association Press" as well as interspersed in Elliott's general files.
Other records include correspondence relating to the Home Division, the Boys Work Committee, and Hi-Y; some of Elliott's travel itineraries; and two reports by Elliott, "Religion in the Educational Experience of Children" and "What Contributions Can Group Work Make to Developing Individuals Prepared to Cope with Problems of Democracy?"
Biographical materials include a 30 page, unpublished biographical sketch by L. K. Hall; a short, typewritten death announcement; and the September-October 1951 issue of Religious Education, which contains memorial articles by Elliott.
Box 57 Biographical.
Box 57-58 Papers, 1922-1952.
Association Press papers, 1920-1950.
Board of Publication Papers, 1931-1949.
Box 59 Elliott, Henry.
Elliott, Howard H.
Elliott, India Smith.
Elliott, John H.
Elliott, Thomas Maxwell [i].
Elliott, William Berry [i].
Elliott, William Emory [i].
Ellis, Glenn.
Ellis, Henry G.
Ellis, Joe O.
Ellis, Kathleen Pleas [i].
Ellis, Michael Glen [i].
Ellis, Ralph W.
Ellsworth, Fred.
Elmer, Geoffrey H.
Elpern, Melvin.
Elsworth, Allen S.
Ely, Gertrude Sumner.
Ely, J. Wallace Jr.
Ely, Matthey Griswold.
Box 60 Emerson, Clarence.
Emig, Louis P.
Eminger, Egbert Frank.
Emmerling, Walter.
Emmert, Mack.
Emmons, Orville [i].
Emory, L. Wayne.
Empleton, Bernard E.
Eng, Homer Wone Yee [i].
Englemann, Konrad.
English, N. Conover.
English, Woodruff Jr. ("Woody").
Enkind, E. Stanley.
Eifania, Christine.
Epke, William P.
Epperson, David Ernest [i].
Erdman, Charles P. [i].
Ergood, Clifford W.
Erckson, Corlief Egeland.
Erl, Willi.
Ernst, Clarence R.
Escobar, Jose U. [i].
Esgar, Mildred.
Eshelman, Paul B.
Espy, Edwin Robert Hamlin.
Esterling, J. W.
Estes, Alfred C.
Estey, Guy Carpenter.
Estey, Julius Jacob (Gen.).
Euler, H. L. (Dr.).
Evans, Cleta Terrill.
Evans, E. B.
Evans, Edgar H.
Evans, Herbert E.:
Background Note: Evans began his work career as a counselor to students at Columbia University. He then was vice president of public relations of the Consumer Distribution Corporation. In 1942 he went to work for the Farm Bureau Insurance Companies (later renamed the Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company). In 1952 he joined the People's Broadcasting Corporation, which operated a number of radio stations in the East and Midwest. He became its president in 1959. He was also a vice president of the Cleveland Browns football team and served on the executive committee of UNESCO.
Evans was first named to the YMCA National Council in 1954 and to the National Board in 1957. Of the latter he was an honorary life member of both its Executive Committee and the International Division Committee. He also served on the Physical Education Committee, the Student Committee, the Committee on Interracial Advance, the Committee on Planning and Review, and the Public Relations Committee. In 1960 he was elected president of the National Council. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees of Springfield College and the National Council of the USO.
Content Note: Evans's papers relate mostly to speeches he gave and to other events he attended. Among the speeches included are titles such as "The Physician in Tomorrow's World" (1957), "Radio, Press, and Television in the More Developed Countries" (1963), and "Pioneering in a New World" (1964). A May 1962 speech given at the National Council meeting comments on the future work of the council. New articles report the topics and contents of his speeches.
Evans's correspondence with other YMCA officials is sparse. There are a few letters dating from 1960 relating to Evans's election as president of the National Council. Other records include a 1961 itinerary of Evans's and various short biographical sketches.
Box 60 Biographical.
Papers, 1956-1966.
Evans, Peter Guy.
Evans, Richard B.
Evans, Richard II.
Evans, Ronald Thomas [i].
Evans, Sam.
Evans, Ted.
Evans, Wayne T.
Eveland, John Charles [i].
Everett, Jack.
Everts, Lester G.
Ewald, Charles Jefferson [i]:
Background Note: Charles Ewald was born in Benton Harbor, Michigan, where he was president of the University association and became the association's general secretary for two years after graduation. In 1903 he was invited by John Mott to go to Argentina for the International Committee. He went to Buenos Aires, Chile, where he did student work and fund raising. In 1910 he became the traveling secretary for South America with his home office in Montevideo, Uruguay. In 1914 he organized the YMCA's South American Federation and was elected its general secretary. During WWI he organized efforts for the YMCAs to serve American and British Navy personnel in South American ports. As his work in Latin America progressed, Ewald became increasingly interested in the question of how the "protestant" YMCA should apply itself to the predominantly Catholic countries of South America. He organized and worked on a number of interdenominational projects within the YMCA, such as Fellowship for Christian Cooperation, the Modern Missions Movement, and World Christianity. Ewald retired from the YMCA in 1937.
In 1937 he went to Spain to do war work for the American Friends Service Committee (a Quaker organization). In 1942 he was back in the United States where he worked a small farm in Ohio and did fund raising for various churches. In 1945 he began to work for the Cleveland Council on Inter-American Relations setting up an educational program on Latin America. in 1948 he organized and became the executive director of the Cleveland World Trade Association and held that position until 1956, when he retired and moved to Florida.
Content Note: The papers include a copy of his memoirs (90 pages, 1955); it has a 43 page biographical chapter as well as other chapters on Latin American relations, fund raising, and "Some People I Have Known."
Other records include a "Dear Friends" letter reporting on the International Students Conference in 1912; correspondence from the 1940s and 1950s relating to his work with the Cleveland Inter-American Council and the Cleveland World Trade Association; correspondence about an unpublished article of his, "A Tragic Mistake of the Church"; a report "Suggestions on Our International Service"; and an untitled speech concerning the role of the YMCA in Latin America (1922).
Box 61 Biographical.
Papers, 1912-1977.
Memoirs, 1955.
Ewing, Georgia M.
Ewing, Harry Ernest [i].
Ewing, Robert Logan [i].
Exner, Max J. (Dr.).
Exner, Max Joseph [i].
Eyman, Frank Austin [i].
Fabisinski, Lil (Judge).
Fahs, Sophia Lyon.
Fair, Weather George.
Fairfield, Doral H. ("Al").
Falconer, Sir Robert.
Falk, Elly.
Fallon, Craig [i].
Fallon, Mary D. [i].
Fam, Yacoub [i].
Fancher, Bertram Hull.
Farabee, J. W.
Box 62 Farina, Mario [i].
Farine, William Jr.
Farmer, W. R.
Farnham, Robert M.
Farnsworth, Burt B.