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318 Elmer L. Andersen Library, University of Minnesota, 222 21st Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455

An Inventory of Its Records

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Creator: YMCA of the USA. International Division.
Title: Records of YMCA international work in Indonesia
Date: 1947-1983
Collection Number: Y.USA.9-2-46
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, financial records, newspaper articles, publications, and other material documenting YMCA international work in Indonesia, primarily in Jakarta.
Quantity: 2 cubic feet (6 boxes)
Location: See Detailed Description section for box listing.


Early YMCA work in Indonesia began around 1928 under the direction of John R. Mott, as well as Dutch and German members of the YMCA. During this time, the YMCA worked on a small number of specific projects primarily for Dutch citizens. An effort was made to establish an official YMCA movement in 1946 to provide services for Dutch residents, especially members of the Dutch military who were fighting a war against Indonesian nationalists for control of the archipelago. The largely Dutch YMCA (known as the AMVJ) operated several large, well-equipped centers throughout the country.

Following Indonesian independence in late 1949, the AMVJ administrators left a board of directors composed of four Dutchmen and five Indonesians to continue the movement. The AMVJ changed its name to become the YMCA of Indonesia, and a national committee with membership in the World Alliance was formed in 1951. Alexander Rotti, an Indonesian pastor and member of Parliament, was selected to serve as general secretary. At Rotti's request, fraternal secretary Karl H. Stange was sent to Jakarta (referred to at that time as Djakarta) in 1954.

Although the AMVJ had transferred control of its ten branches to the YMCA in 1949, the new Indonesian government was suspicious of lingering Dutch influence and seized the former AMVJ centers, arguing that they were military possessions of the former colonial power. However, the YMCA regained use of most of these facilities following litigation, and by 1956, the YMCA had made developments on all ten of its facilities. In 1953, a young Indian named C. A. Itty, who had been working for the Student Christian Movement in Indonesia, was appointed as a secretary. Itty was credited as instrumental for his ability to attract young people to the YMCA, which was quickly growing in popularity throughout the country.

The YMCA's early programs included traditional athletic activities, recreation groups, and physical and spiritual education. Karl H. Stange also worked to develop native leadership by hosting a leaders' training course, publishing literature, and offering workshops for volunteers. The YMCA also operated an orphanage and established a conference center to be used by the YMCA, churches, and schools in the city of Sukabumi in 1955. Notably, the YMCA began to operate a school in Djakarta in 1956, an idea that would be replicated by other YMCA

Despite its early growth, the YMCA of Indonesia experienced a period of decline during the 1960s. Issues of nationalism led to conflicts among the YMCA's leadership, and young leaders were forced to fill the void left by departing senior administrators like Alexander Rotti. Furthermore, the YMCA of Indonesia suffered from a lack of inter-movement support during this period partly due to increased communist influence in the country. By 1967, only five associations were actively operating in Indonesia, and the YMCA was forced to close a holiday center and numerous hostels, which had been a significant source of revenue.

Nevertheless, the YMCA continued to work throughout Indonesia. In addition to its programs of athletics, education and outdoor recreation, the YMCA also began to support family planning and medical programs, vocational training, reforestation work, and rural development work in Indonesian villages. The YMCA's schools continued to be a major focus of the movement; by 1980, YMCA schools served over 2,700 students ranging from kindergarteners to secondary school students.

The following is a list of individuals who served as YMCA secretaries in Indonesia, along with their dates of service, if known:

Chappel, Danielle (1977-1979) Sloan, Lynne (1977-1979)
Garber, Kim (1980-1982) Sloan, Malcolm D. (1977-1979)
Kazmiroff, Boris M. (1973-1975) Summers, Karen Lynn (1982)
Moyse, Lawrence (1972) Stange, Karl Henry (1953-1962)
Sloan, M. Daniel (1977-1979) Storm, Carolyn (1980)

[Historical information largely adapted from the collection, as well as from World Service: A History of the Foreign Work and World Service of the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States and Canada (New York: Association Press, 1957) by Kenneth LaTourette. Additional information was obtained online from YMCA International: http://www.ymca.int/where-we-work/ymcas-country-profile/asia-pacific/indonesia/ ]


The collection includes documents and records from the YMCAs of Indonesia, dating from 1947 to 1984. The majority of the material concerns the YMCA headquarters in Djakarta (Jakarta), however associations in the cities of Surabaya, Bandung, and Malang are also well represented in the collection.

The majority of the collection is composed of correspondence and reports written by fraternal secretaries in Indonesia and members of the World's Alliance and the International Committee. The reports cover topics including leadership training, YMCA buildings and residences, program proposals and evaluations, annual reports, work with US nonprofit organizations, as well as political and religious conditions in Indonesia. Financial records, newspaper articles, publications, and the first Constitution of the YMCA of Indonesia are also included in the collection.


Use of Materials:
This collection is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright, ownership, and to obtain all the necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials.
Preferred Citation:
[Indicate the cited item and/or series here]. Records of YMCA International Work in Indonesia. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. University of Minnesota.
See the Chicago Manual of Style for additional examples.
Processing Information:
Processed as part of Fast Processing Project II, April 2009, as collection FP033. Material has been minimally processed. Folder descriptions may be general and material has not been grouped into series.
Catalog Record ID number: 6575971


The following section contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection. To request materials, please note the corresponding box number.

Box 1 History of The YMCA; correspondence, 1947-1977.
Box 2 Correspondence; Karl Stange letters, 1947-1970.
Box 3 Correspondence, 1967-1979.
Box 4 Correspondence; Project files, senior secretary's files, Surabaja YMCA, administrative report, fraternal secretary residences, 1951-1981.
Project files concern holiday, program centers, and YMCA buildings in various Indonesian cities.
Box 5 Reports: Surabaja, Djakarta, Bandung, Malang, 1956-1957.
Box S4 Correspondence and reports; Program Assistance for US Non-Profit Organizations, 1975-1983.


Biographical information on many of the secretaries involved in Indonesian work (see list of individuals in the historical note) is available in the YMCA Biographical Files, separately cataloged in the Kautz Family YMCA Archives.
The papers of Karl Stange are separately cataloged in the Kautz Family YMCA Archives.


This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Young Men's Christian associations -- Administration.
Young Men's Christian associations -- Buildings.
Young Men's Christian associations -- Indonesia.
Jakarta (Indonesia).
Stange, Karl.
International Committee of YMCAs. World Service.
National Board of the Young Men's Christian Associations. International Division.
YMCA of the USA. International Division.