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318 Elmer L. Andersen Library, University of Minnesota, 222 21st Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455

An Inventory of Its Records

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Creator: YMCA of the USA. International Division.
Title: Records of YMCA international work in China
Date: 1890-1991. (bulk 1896-1949)
Collection Number: Y.USA.9-2-4
Abstract: Records documenting YMCA work in China, including histories, annual reports, report letters, correspondence, minutes, records of specific programs and activities, building records (including building plans), financial records, biographical records, pamphlets, and maps.
Quantity: 47.9 cubic feet (121 boxes).
Location: See Detailed Description section for box listing.


Although the YMCA movement had been active in China as early as the 1870s, the first North American work YMCA work in China dates from 1889, when Luther Wishard travelled there as part of his efforts to lay the groundwork for a major expansion of YMCA foreign work. He found four student YMCAs in existence and organized three more. Associations, chiefly for foreigners living in those cities, had also been organized in Shanghai and Hankou (Hankow). In 1895, the International Committee of the YMCA in North America sent the first American YMCA secretary, D. Willard Lyon, to China as a response to appeals from missionaries in Beijing (Peking), Shanghai, and Yantai (Chefoo). This was the beginning of fifty-five years of North American YMCA involvement in China. Over the years approximately 150 secretaries served in about forty associations throughout the country.

Lyon launched his work in Tianjin (Tientsin), rather than Beijing, as he had first intended, for there, so he said, was "the only city in China with a well-organized system of educational institutions for the teaching of Western subjects." As the future leaders of China, students were the focus of much the International Committee's attention. Following a tour of institutions of higher learning by Lyon and John R. Mott, then general secretary of the newly organized World's Student Christian Federation, twenty-two new student YMCAs were organized in China in 1896.

Part of the appeal of the YMCA was the International Committee's policy of stressing indigenous leadership, support, and control, which appealed to the burgeoning nationalism of the Chinese. However, the rapid growth of the YMCA in China initially required additional staff from the North American Association. Among the other early YMCA secretaries sent were Robert Ellsworth Lewis, Robert Reed Gailey, and Fletcher Sims Brockman. The Boxer Rebellion briefly halted the YMCA's activities in China, but recovery and advance followed rapidly. The General Committee of China, Korea, and Hong Kong was founded in 1901. The following year, headquarters were established in Shanghai. In 1912 the General Committee became the National Committee of the Young Men's Christian Association of China, with Brockman as the first national secretary (1901-1915). The peak of the International Committee's involvement came in the early 1920s, with 89 secretaries serving in China. By that time, there were 30 city associations with a membership of over 32,000, plus 170 student associations counting 14,200 members. Local boards of directors and the National Committee soon became predominantly and then exclusively Chinese. More and more, the responsible positions, both local and national, were filled by Chinese. In the position of National Secretary, Brockman was followed by C. T. Wang (1915-1916), David Yui (1916-1936), S. C. Leung (1926-1949), and Y. C. Tu.

While the YMCA's foreign work was rooted in the missionary movement and Bible classes were among the first activities offered by the fledgling association, the program included a variety of other educational programs, including English classes, lectures, and vocational training. Physical training, public health education (a national health campaign organized by the YMCA in 1920s virtually ended typhus in China), and other fields of work were soon added as the YMCA responded to local needs. The YMCA introduced many Western sports and Western-style sports competitions, and can also take credit for the early organization of the Olympic movement in China. Under the leadership of Max Exner, who became the first national physical director in 1908, as well as C. H. Robertson and educator Zhang Boling (Chang Poling), the YMCA organized the Far Eastern Games, the first international competitions in the far east.

After the revolution in 1949, the American YMCA continued to support Chinese YMCAs in Hong Kong and Taipei, Taiwan. Involvement by North Americans (or acknowledgement of the Y's Western connections) proved impossible under Communist rule. Nevertheless, a number of YMCAs on mainland China persisted. As of 1955, twenty-six continued to operate, the only Christian institution with a social program which had not been taken over by the government, but the YMCA in the United States had little direct contact with the YMCA in China during the middle decades of the century. In 1979, relations between the Chinese and American YMCA movements were renewed when Li Shao Pao, K. H. Ting, and Wen Han Zhou attended the World Council on Religion and Peace Conference in Princeton, New Jersey. Following friendly negotiations, funds held by the U. S. National Council of YMCAs for the YMCAs of China during World War II and following were returned in 1983. Subsequently, there have been continued delegations and visits by groups and individuals.

The following is a list of individuals who served as YMCA secretaries in China, along with their dates of service:

Adamson, Arthur Quentin (1909-1929) Lerrigo, George Edward (1909-1931)
Allen, Arthur Jones (1912-1932) Lewis, Robert E. (1898-1908)
Anderson, Paul B. (1913-1917)) Lockley, Arthur (1916-1927)
Arnold, Roger David (1916-1952) Lockwood, Edward Harrison (1915-1920, 1926-1950)
Barnett, Eugene Epperson (1910-1937) Lockwood, William Wirt (1903-1936)
Barrie, H.G. (1901-1902) Long, Austin Oliver (1918-1928)
Bates, Lewis George (1918-1922) Lyon, David Willard (1895-1930)
Beard, Willard Livingstone (1904-1910) Magill, Orrin R. (1913-1927, 1930-1935, 1945-1951)
Bishop, Merlin Asa (1945-1951) Masterson, Harris, Jr. (1913-1915)
Blaisdell, Thomas Charles, Jr. (1922-1925) McCloy, Charles Harold (1913-1921)
Boynton, Charles Luther (1906-1913, 1915-1920) McCormell, Thomas Cunningham (1915-1928)
Brace, Albert James (1911-1936) McLachlin, Louis Ensley (1904-1931)
Bradshaw, John (1916-1923) McMichael, Jack Richard, Jr. (1938-1939)
Brockman, Fletcher Sims (1898-1915) McPherson, John Livingstone (1905-1934)
Brockman, Whitfield Walton (1916-1935) Mead, Lawrence Meyers (1913-1927)
Brunger, Harry (1947-1950) Mills, Wilson Plumer (1912-1932)
Buckley, Earle Reid (1944-1948) Minard, Herbert Leslie (1945-1949)
Burgess, John Stewart (1909-1930) Moeller, Roy Llewellyn (1919-1927)
Carruthers, Donald Wallace (1915-1919) Moran, Hugh Anderson (1909-1914)
Chambers, James Wheaton (1909-1911) Moritz, Paul Walter (1939-1951)
Childs, John Lawrence (1916-1927) Munson, Edward Hartman (1910-1939)
Clack, Robert Wood (1913-1924) Nipps, John Wesley (1913-1931)
Clark, Arthur Leo (1925-1929) Northrup, Filmore (1919-1920)
Clark, Jesse Claude (1911-1927) Oliver, Jay Charles (1916-1951)
Cline, Warren Williams (1918-1932) Parker, Vernon DeLancey (1921 -1932)
Clinton, Jacob Mancil (1904-1911) Peabody, Allen Stone (1921-1925)
Cole, George Herbert (1905-1925) Peter, William Wesley (1913-1927)
Collins, Stanley Browning (1910-1919) Petitt, Clifford Walter (1918-1931, 1936-1939)
Colson, Ralph Brownell (1917-1920) Pettus, William Bacon (1906-1940)
Cooley, Frank Leonard (1945-1952) Phraner, Stanley Lansing (1919-1920)
Cooper, Richard Daniel (1947-1949) Platt, Joseph Eyre (1913-1925)
Cowles, Samuel Macon (1918-1931) Richardson, Henry K. (1912-1916)
Crocker, John Howard (1911-1917) Rinvold, Georg (1944-1945)
Dadisman, John Hunter (1912-1917) Ritter, Richard Henry (1917-1919)
Dennis, Herbert Ernest (1913-1919) Roberts, Ray Clinton (1912-1927)
de Vargas, Philippe (1913-1920) Robertson, Clarence Hovey (1902-1931)
Dome, Arthur Edmond (1921 -1926) Robinson, Arthur Greenwood (1913-1927)
Dome, Earl (1916-1923) Rope, Raymond Funnelle (1917-1919)
Edwards, Dwight Woodbridge (1906-1946) Rounds, Harold Judson (1917-1927)
Elliot, Thomas Maxwell (1907-1928) Ruby, Clem Gerald (1916-1917)
Exner, Max Joseph (1908-1912) Rugh, Arthur (1903-1921, 1924-1927)
Fenn, Burtt Stoddard (1912-1920) Schmidt, Ben Harrison (1921-1931)
Fitch, George Ashmore (1909-1946) Schrock, George A. (1916)
Forbes, Robert Ireland (1919-1932) Schwenning, Gustav Theodore (1925-1926)
Frantz, William Earl (1917-1925) Scofield, Carl Edward (1921-1928)
Froelick, Louis Daniel (1907-1910) Sears, Lawrence Milton (1924-1928)
Purer, Gottfried Edmund (1913) Service, Robert Roy (1905-1934)
Gailey, Robert Reed (1898-1930) Shedd, Charles Clark (1916-1926)
Gamble, Sidney David (1918-1932) Shires, Wilbur Stuart (1919-1920)
Geldhart, John Hayes (1911 -1925) Siler, Charles Arthur (1912-1920)
Gillett, Philip Loring (1913-1927, 1928-1932) Smith, B. Ward (1915-1932)
Gold, Ralph Gaylord (1915-1928) Smith, I.H. (1930)
Grant, Benjamin Ernest (1922-1925) Smith, Karl Blair (1920-1923)
Gray, John Henry (1920-1928) Stange, Karl Henry (1946-1950)
Guttery, Arthur Minton (1913-1929) Stanley, Rupert Harrison (1912-1919, 1923-1927)
Hall, Edward Leverich (1915-1929) Starrett, Oscar Garfield (1916-1919)
Hall, James Worthington (1943-1949) Stewart, William Ramsey (1910-1939)
Hall, Lawrence Kingsley (1918-1929) Strong, Robbins (1949-1950)
Hall, Raymond Stearns (1909-1945) Swan, Alfred Hjalmar (1912-1921)
Harvey, Charles Way (1902-1930) Sweet, Lennig (1916-1917, 1920-1936)
Hayes, Cameron Douglas (1911-1913) Sweetman, Herbert Ray (1918-1927)
Hayes, Egbert McGinnis (1913-1927, 1930-1937) Taylor, William E. (1905-1917)
Hayes, Luther Newton (1910-1932) Tobin, Chester Martin (1928-1936)
Heck, Charles McGee (1911-1912) Todnem, Lawrence (1915-1934, 1936-1948)
Helde, George Grace (1916-1943) Tomlinson, Percy Richard (1923-1927)
Hening, Sydney Evans (1912-1923) Trindle, John Robert (1914-1915)
Herschleb, Charles Augustus (1913-1920) Turner, Eugene A. (1913-1949)
Hersey, Roscoe Monroe (1905-1927) Turner, George Frederick (1914-1919)
Hines, William Earle (1929-1950) Tuttle, Nelson Sabinas (1920-1922)
Hoagland, Amos Nathan (1912-1918) Van Winkle, Charles W. (1934-1936)
Hogan, Ralph Montague (1919-1934) Verink, Ellis Daniel (1918-1925)
Holroyd, Alexander Waldo (1921-1927) Veryard, Robert Kelsey (1911 -1932)
Hoover, Lyman (1930-1949) Wagner, Harry Milton, Jr. (1916-1926)
Howell, Lawrence Day (1913-1915) Wallace, James Hill (1905-1916)
Irle, William Kenneth (1917-1919) Watkins, Wilson P. (1918-1925)
Jones, Tracey (1917-1928) Wear, Robert Benjamin (1913-1927)
Jordan, Wayne Clark (1913-1924) Wheeler, Mark Hotchkiss (1921-1932)
Jorgensen, Charles William, Jr. (1944-1950) Whitmore, Frank Beach (1905-1915)
Kees, Marion Andrew (1909-1912, 1916-1932) Wilber, Francis Edmond (1911-1918)
Kelsey, Dean Lewis (1911 -192 8) Wilbur, Hollis Adelbert (1913-1925, 1935-1938)
Kingman, Harry Lees (1921-1928) Wilson, Lucian Clovis (1913-1917)
Leake, Ralph Andrew (1916-1930) Wilson, William (1910-1911)
Leavitt, George William (1906-1907) Winning, Robert Gerald (1908-1910)
Leiser, Frederick Oscar (1905-1916) Wise, Edgar S. (1921-1924)
Lenz, Frank Bernhard (1916-1922) Yelton, Elmer (1912-1914)

Historical information adapted in part from Kenneth Scott Latourette, World Service: A History of the Foreign Work and World Service of The Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States and Canada, New York: Association Press, 1957.


Records documenting YMCA work in China include histories, annual reports, report letters, correspondence, minutes, records of specific programs and activities, building records (including building plans), financial records, biographical records, pamphlets, and maps.

Annual and quarterly reports and report letters written by the foreign secretaries serving in China provide information on programs and activities of the National Committee and the local associations, such as religious education, physical education, student work, boys' work, and industrial work. Information on personnel, budget, buildings, and personal experiences are also included.

Correspondence and reports comprise the largest portion of the collection. The correspondence between the foreign secretaries in China and officers of the International Committee in New York comprise the main part of the correspondence. Letters to supporters and some personal letters are also included. The reports and correspondence provide an account of the political climate and developments in China in addition to the information pertinent to YMCA activities.

Records of special programs sponsored or supported by the YMCA are also included. They include work with Chinese laborers in France and mass education programs conducted by James Yen, programs conducted by the lecture department headed by C. H. Robertson, health education programs headed by William Wesley Peter, as well as famine, flood, and war relief programs.


These documents are organized into the following sections:
History and Background Material
Annual and Quarterly Reports
National Conventions
Correspondence and Reports
Building Records
Subject Files


Use of Materials:
This collection is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright, ownership, and to obtain all the necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials.
Preferred Citation:
[Indicate the cited item and/or series here]. Records of YMCA International Work in China. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. University of Minnesota.
See the Chicago Manual of Style for additional examples.
Processing Information:
Catalog Record ID number: 5319572


The following section contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection. To request materials, please note the corresponding box number.

History and Background Material

Box 65 "The YMCA in China" (newspaper article from The Sunday Star), January 14, 1906.
"As I Look Back: Recollections of Growing Up in America's Southland and of Twenty-six years in Pre-Communist China, 1888-1936, " by Eugene Barnett, 1963[?].

Annual and Quarterly Reports

Secretaries' reports are arranged roughly alphabetically by secretary's name within each year. Edited versions of many of these reports, as well as some additional reports are available in bound volumes of the annual reports of all foreign secretaries, separately cataloged in the YMCA Archives.
Box 1 Secretaries' reports, 1896-1908. 10 folders.
Box 2 Secretaries' reports, 1909-1911. 10 folders.
Box 3 Secretaries' reports, 1912-1913 (H). 12 folders.
Box 4 Secretaries' reports, 1913 (L) - 1914 (M). 11 folders.
Box 5 Secretaries' reports, 1914 (N) - 1915 (Le). 12 folders.
Box 6 Secretaries' reports, 1915 (Lo) - 1916 (G). 12 folders.
Box 7 Secretaries' reports, 1916 (H) - 1917 (C). 11 folders.
Box 8 Secretaries' reports, 1917 (D-T). 10 folders.
Box 9 Secretaries' reports, 1917 (W) - 1918 (Len). 9 folders.
Box 10 Secretaries' reports, 1918 (Ler) - 1918 (W). 11 folders.
Box 11 Secretaries' reports, 1919-1920. 9 folders.
Box 12 Secretaries' reports, 1921-1923. 9 folders.
Box 13 Secretaries' reports, 1924-1933. 10 folders.
Box 14 Secretaries' reports, 1934-1938, 1945-1949. 10 folders.
Box 113 Secretaries' reports, 1909-1922.
Oversized material.
Box 15 China YMCA foreign secretaries' report letters, 1900-1928 (incomplete). 1 volume.
Selected report letters, annual reports and correspondence bound together in one volume.
Annual reports of secretaries in China and Korea, 1909-1911. 3 volumes.
Annual reports of the YMCAs of China, Korea, and Hong Kong, 1902-1904:
Annual reports of the national movement in China (also including Korea until 1913).
Box 16 "Points of Progress in the Young Men's Christian Associations of China, Korea, and Hongkong for the Year 1902," 1902.
"Advance Steps in the Young Men's Christian Associations of China, Korea, and Hongkong During the Year 1903," 1903.
"Encouraging Signs in the Work of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China, Korea, and Hongkong During the Year 1904," 1904.
"A Year's Progress: The Work of the Young Men's Christian Association of China and Korea During 1908," 1908.
"A Year Among Young Men in the Middle Kingdom: A Report of the Work of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China and Korea, " 1910.
"Among Young Men in the Middle Kingdom," 1911.
"Five Years of Progress, 1907-1912: A Report of the Work of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China and Korea, 1912, With a Review Covering the Period 1907-1912" 1913.
"Another Year's Progress, 1913: Annual Report, Young Men's Christian Associations of China, " 1914.
"The Record of 1914: Annual Report, Young Men's Christian Associations of China," 1915.
"Five Years of Progress, 1907-1912"; "Another Year's Progress, 1913"; "The Record of 1914," 1912-1914. 1 volume.
Three reports bound in one volume.
"A Year's Work Among Young Men: Annual Report, Young Men's Christian Associations of China," 1915.
"The Year Nineteen Sixteen: The Annual Report of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China," 1917.
"Growing Chinese Leadership: The Annual Report of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China for 1917, With a Partial Review of the Five Years 1912-1917" 1917.
"The Triangle in China: Report of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China for the Year 1918," 1919.
"25 Years: The Illustrated Annual Report of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China for 1919," 1920.
"Annual Report of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China, " 1920.
Also includes a pamphlet of charts and graphs entitled, "25 Years Y.M.C.A. Progress in China, 1895-1920."
Box 17 Annual reports of the YMCAs of China and Korea,1911-1919. 1 volume.
Reports for 1911-1919 bound in one volume.
Box 18 "Annual Report of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China," 1921.
"Fruits of a Year's Efforts: Annual Report of the Young Men's Christian Association of China," 1922.
"Bai Nian Shu Ren" ["One Hundred Years to Nurture People"], 1924.
Report entirely in Chinese, with the exception of a fold-out statistical chart, which includes English.
"Constructive Activities of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China," 1925.
Year Book and Roster of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China, 1931.
In English and Chinese.
The YMCA in the Midst of National Crisis in China, 1932: A Review of the Work of the Young Men's Christian Associations in China, 1931-1932 and Year Book and Roster of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China, 1932. 2 folders.
Year Book and Roster of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China, 1933-1934. 3 folders.
Box 19 Year books and rosters of the YMCA of China, 1935-1938. 7 folders.
Annual Reports of Local Associations in China, 1901-1945:
Additional material on local associations can be found in the Building Records section of the collection.
Box 20 Antung, 1922.
Canton, 1929.
Chongqing (Chungking), 1945.
Fuzhou (Foochow), 1920.
Hangzhou (Hangchow), 1919-1921, 1932.
Hankou (Hankow), 1913.
Hong Kong, 1902-1904, 1908, 1909-1910. 2 folders.
Nanjing (Nanking), 1922.
Shanghai, 1901-1904, 1906-1908, 1911-1912, 1914, 1916-1917, 1919-1921. 15 folders.
Tianjin (Tientsin), 1909-1911, 1932.
Report of 1932 is for the Y's Men's Club.
Wuhan, 1919, 1921.

National Conventions

Material is primarily in Chinese, except as noted.
Box 21 English summary of 1934, 1920, 1926, and 1929 convention reports.
National convention reports and other materials, 1911, 1926-1927.
Includes an English language pamphlet for the 1911 convention in Shanghai. Also includes an article by T. Z. Koo, "Nation Making in China: An Interpretation of Contemporary Events," reprinted from Christian Century, February 17, 1927.
National convention, Tianjin (Tientsin), 1920.
National convention, Chinan (Tsinan), 1926.
National convention, Hangzhou (Hangchow), 1929.
National convention, Shanghai, 1934.

Correspondence and Reports

Correspondence is mainly from U.S. and Chinese secretaries working in China, as well as some material from missionaries, academics, and others. Reports describe meetings, visits, and travel, as well as local activities, political climate, etc.
Box 22 Correspondence and reports, undated and 1890-1891, 1893- May 1900. 11 folders.
Box 23 Correspondence and reports, June 1900-1903. 9 folders.
Box 24 Correspondence and reports, 1903 - September 1906. 9 folders.
Box 25 Correspondence and reports, October 1906 - April 1908. 9 folders.
Box 26 Correspondence and reports, May 1908 - August 1909. 7 folders.
Box 27 Correspondence and reports, September 1909 - November 1910. 8 folders.
Box 28 Correspondence and reports, December 1910 - 1911. 9 folders.
Box 29 Correspondence and reports, 1912. 9 folders.
Box 30 Correspondence and reports, 1913. 6 folders.
Box 31 Correspondence and reports, 1914. 8 folders.
Box 32 Correspondence and reports, January - November 1915. 10 folders.
Box 33 Correspondence and reports, December 1915 - August 1916. 8 folders.
Box 34 Correspondence and reports, September 1916 - August 1917. 9 folders.
Box 35 Correspondence and reports, September 1917 - October 1918. 8 folders.
Box 36 Correspondence and reports, November 1918 - October 1919. 9 folders.
Box 37 Correspondence and reports, November 1919 - July 1920. 11 folders.
Box 38 Correspondence and reports, August 1920 - August 1921. 9 folders.
Box 39 Correspondence and reports, September 1921 - 1922. 7 folders.
Box 40 Correspondence and reports, January - October 1923. 10 folders.
Box 41 Correspondence and reports, November 1923 - 1924. 10 folders.
Box 42 Correspondence and reports, January - August 1925. 8 folders.
Box 43 Correspondence and reports, September 1925 - July 1926. 9 folders.
Box 44 Correspondence and reports, August 1926 - June 1927. 9 folders.
Box 45 Correspondence and reports, July 1927 - May 1928. 8 folders.
Box 46 Correspondence and reports, June 1928 - 1929. 11 folders.
Box 47 Correspondence and reports, 1930. 9 folders.
Box 48 Correspondence and reports, 1931. 11 folders.
Box 49 Correspondence and reports, 1932 - August 1933. 10 folders.
Box 50 Correspondence and reports, September 1933 - 1934. 12 folders.
Box 51 Correspondence and reports, 1935 - June 1936. 12 folders.
Box 52 Correspondence and reports, July - October 1936. 11 folders.
Box 53 Correspondence and reports, November 1936 - October 1938. 11 folders.
Box 54 Correspondence and reports, November 1938 - 1939. 7 folders.
Box 55 Correspondence and reports, 1940-1942. 9 folders.
Box 56 Correspondence and reports, 1943-1944. 8 folders.
Box 57 Correspondence and reports, 1945-1946. 11 folders.
Box 58 Correspondence and reports, 1947 - May 1948. 9 folders.
Box 59 Correspondence and reports, June 1948 - May 1949. 10 folders.
Box 60 Correspondence and reports, June 1949 - February 1950. 9 folders.
Box 61 Correspondence and reports, March - October 1950. 11 folders.
Box 62 Correspondence and reports, November 1950 - 1951. 11 folders.
Box 63 Correspondence and reports, 1952-1956. 11 folders.
Box 64 Correspondence and reports, 1957-1973. 12 folders.
Box 65 Correspondence and reports, 1974-1980, 1982-1987. 16 folders.
China assets, 1982-1983. 2 folders.
Correspondence and other materials concerning the transfer of Chinese YMCA assets held by the U.S. YMCA following World War II and the revolution in China.
Computer requests, 1985.
China trip correspondence and background materials, 1988-1991. 9 folders.
Correspondence and background material for delegations of American YMCA leaders to China in 1990 and 1991, including a number of reports and articles giving history and background on the Chinese YMCA its relationship with the U.S. YMCA.
Box 109 U.S. consultations, Hawaii, 1987, 1993. 2 folders.
Liaison Committee meeting, 1989.

Financial Records
Box 110 War claims, 1942-1953, 1968-1970s. 2 folders.
Foreign assets control forms, 1950s, 1970s.
Budgets, account statements, etc. 1938, 1950.
Bank statements, 1970, 1972, 1974-1975.
Property and assets, 1940s-1980s. 6 folders.
Includes material from Frank Kiehne and Harry Brunger.

Building Records

Box 66 Records of valuable documents, 1927.
Placed by the Personnel Bureau, Shanghai, in the international Committee safe deposit box at the Hong Kong - Shanghai Bank and listing documents concerning various YMCA properties.
YMCA Buildings in China, 1904-1924.
Floor plans and budgets for YMCA buildings in China.
YMCA Buildings in China, 1924-1925.
Cost memoranda, floor plans, and budgets for YMCA buildings in China.
Box 113 YMCA Buildings in China, 1924-1925.
Cost memoranda, floor plans, and budgets for YMCA buildings in China.
Box 67 Correspondence, memoranda, proposals, notes, etc., undated and 1911 - June 1924. 11 folders.
Box 68 Correspondence, memoranda, proposals, notes, etc., July 1924 - 1945. 9 folders.
Box 69 Correspondence, memoranda, proposals, notes, etc., 1946-1949. 2 folders.
Residences, undated and 1912, 1916-1926. 5 folders.
Box 70 Residences, 1927-1939, 1941-1953. 9 folders.
Local Associations:
Box 71 Xiamen (Amoy), 1915-1948. 2 folders
Canton, 1910-1920, 1923-1968. 3 folders.
Changsha, 1911-1954. 3 folders.
Changsha blueprints, maps, and deeds, 1930s.
Box 72 Yantai (Chefoo), 1916-1946.
Chengdu (Chengtu), 1905-1923, 1926-1938. 3 folders.
Chongqing (Chungking), 1923-1950. 4 folders.
Chongqing (Chungking) deeds, 1920s.
Box 73 Dalien (Dairen), 1916-1929.
Fuzhou (Foochow), 1907-1959. 4 folders.
Fuzhou (Foochow) maps and blueprints, undated.
Fujian (Fukien), 1916-1927.
Fujian (Fukien) maps, 1914, 1916.
Hangzhou (Hangchow), 1915-1948. 4 folders.
Hankow (Hankow), 1914-1950. 3 folders.
Box 74 Hangzhou (Hankow) residences, 1917-1950, 2 folders.
Hangzhou (Hankow) Army and Navy YMCA, 1918-1959. 5 folders.
Harbin, 1926-1940. 3 folders.
Kaifeng subscription book, undated.
Kaifeng, 1911-1938.
Box 75 Kaifeng, 1939-1942.
Kaifeng residences, 1922-1947.
Jiangnan (Kiangnan) conference site, 1916-1929.
Guilin (Kweilin), 1943-1944.
Guiyang (Kweiyang), 1938-1947.
Jilin (Kirin), 1916-1946.
Jilin (Kirin) residences, 1920-1959.
Lushan (Kuling), 1909-1934. 2 folders.
Lanzhou (Lanchow), 1942-1948, 1959. 3 folders.
Shenyang (Mukden), 1914-1928. 2 folders.
Box 76 Shenyang (Mukden), 1931-1959.
Nanchang, 1913-1947. 3 folders.
Nanchang residences, 1913-1950.
Nanjing (Nanking), 1905, 1912-1947. 4 folders.
Nanjing (Nanking) residences, 1903-1931, 1934-1955. 2 folders.
Box 77 Ningbo (Ningpo), 1923-1948. 2 folders.
Baoding (Paoting), 1913-1930, 1946. 2 folders.
Baoding (Paoting) residences, 1915-1946.
Baoding (Paoting) deeds, 1946.
Beijing (Peking) deeds and related papers, 1914-1941, 1946. 2 folders.
Beijing (Peking) residences 1912-1939.
Beijing (Peking), east city building, 1906-1925.
Beijing (Peking), west city building, 1916-1924.
Beijing (Peking), American School, 1922-1950.
Beijing (Peking), Army-Navy YMCA, 1923-1948.
Beijing (Peking), North China Union School, 1921-1926, 1968.
Box 78 Shanghai, 1903-1950. 11 folders.
Box 79 Shanghai residences, 1902-1921, 1923-1932, 1934-1952. 4 folders.
Shanghai national headquarters, 1912-1959. 7 folders.
Shanghai national headquarters blueprints, 1916 [?].
Shanghai Japanese YMCA, 1917-1935.
Box 80 Shanghai Foreign YMCA, undated and 1903-1937. 10 folders.
Box 81 Shanghai Foreign YMCA, 1938-1951. 5 folders.
Box 82 Shanghai Army Navy YMCA, 1909-1937, 1945-1959. 6 folders.
Shanghai, proposed building, Frenchtown, 1924.
Shanghai, Pootung model village, 1917-1939.
Xi'an (Sian), 1922-1924.
Material in Chinese.
Xi'an (Sian), 1922-1948. 6 folders.
Xi'an (Sian), Chinese language material, 1922-1924.
Box 83 Suzhou (Soochow), 1919-1940.
Suzhou (Soochow) residence, 1920-1935.
Shantou (Swatow), 1925-1936, 1948.
Taiyuan, undated and 1920-1941.
Tatung, 1941.
Tianjin (Tientsin), 1896-1946. 6 folders.
Tianjin (Tientsin) residences, 1911-1953. 2 folders.
Tianjin (Tientsin) maps and blueprints, undated.
Box 84 Tianjin (Tientsin), Meetings of the board of directors, 1896, 1989, 1899, 1903, 1904.
Tianjin (Tientsin) trustees minute book, 1896-1907.
Box 85 Jinan (Tsinan), 1916-1947. 3 folders.
Jinan (Tsinan) residences, 1922-1938. 2 folders.
Qingdao (Tsingtao), 1928-1950. 3 folders.
Wofosi (Wofossu) Conference Center, 1916-1924.
Wuchang, 1915-1925. 3 folders.
Box 86 Wuchang, 1926-1946.
Wuchang residences, 1916-1935.
Wuchang blueprints and maps, 1920s.
Wuhan, 1911-1924.
Yunnanfu (Kunming), 1913-1938, 1940-1952, 1991. 8 folders.
Yunnanfu (Kunming) maps and blueprints, 1920s.
Box 113 Various associations, .
Oversized material. Includes Beijing (Peking), Harbin, Jinan (Tsinan), Tianjin (Tientsin), and Shanghai. Also includes rescript of the Ministry of the Interior (1917); Union Foundry shipping statement (1916); Pettus property (1925-1926); and schedule of real estate, buildings, equipment owned by the International Committee (1931).

Subject Files

Box 87 North China Union Language School, Beijing (Peking), 1908-1925, 1927-1942. 8 folders.
Peking College of Commerce and Finance, Beijing, 1928.
Chinese Labor Corps in France:
Box 88 Dwight Edwards, "The Chinese Labourer in France in Relation to the Work of the Young Men's Christian Association," 1918. 2 folders.
Report to the International Committee of Young Men's Christian Associations of North America of special missions of Dwight W. Edwards in France.
Conference of Workers report, Peronne, 1919. 2 folders.
Reports, undated and 1918-1919. 3 folders.
Includes Annual report letters by R. Hersey (1919); G. H. Cole, "With the Chinese in France"; W. W. Peter, "Yellow Spectacles," a story told by a Chinese Laborer, Hibbard, General statement regarding the YMCA work for Chinese Laborers in France (1919); W. W. Peter, "Training Propagandists in France"; "YMCA Work in the Chinese Camp of Air Service Production Center No. 2," American Expeditionary Force, France; W. W. Peter [?], "The Chinese General Hospital"; "Occasional Report, Chinese YMCA, France" (1919); "International Groups in France" (1918); C. A. Herschleb, "Chinese Laborers Returned from France" (1919); memo from W. W. Lockwood to John R. Mott (1918).
Richard Briggs, "Chinese Laborers in France," 1969.
Includes bibliography.
Copies of articles.
Printed material in Chinese, 1917-1919.
Includes pamphlets, "Young Men's Christian Association With the Chinese Labor Corps in France," Paris (1919); "Report of Work for Chinese Laborers in France" (1919); and copies of Chinese Weekly (1917-1918).
YMCA Chinese Department cash book, 1919.
Princeton in Peking:
Box 89 Correspondence, reports, etc., undated and 1906-1939, 1946-1947. 9 folders.
Box 90 Printed material, undated and 1907-19486 folders.
Includes bulletins from Princeton University; sight-seeing brochures; Rotary Club of Peking materials; "J. S. Burgess, "The Training of Social Workers in China," from The Chinese Recorder (July 1924); "The Princeton Work in Peking," bulletins (1907-1912, 1914); pamphlet for the sixth general convention of the YMCAs of China and Korea (1912); pamphlets from the North China Student Conference (1915-1916); and government school student conference and other materials.
Box 91 Setting-up conferences, 1932-1938. 9 folders.
Box 92 Setting-up conferences, 1939-1948. 8 folders.
Health Education:
Box 93 Reports and correspondence, undated and 1918-1932. 4 folders.
Primarily by W. W. Peters.
Miscellaneous printed material, 1915-1931.
Proof sheets of unpublished W. W. Peter book, 1931. 2 folders.
Articles by W. W. Peter, undated and 1913-1924.
Box 94 "News Bulletin #73," undated.
Missing first page.
Articles, undated and 1917-1924.
Famine Relief:
Box 94 Miscellaneous pamphlets, undated.
H. G. Robinson's notes on New England trip, ca. 1921.
Famine reports, 1921.
Industrial Work:
Box 94 Industrial reconstruction pamphlet series, nos. 1-4, undated and 1924.
Includes "An Industrial programme for a Chinese City"; "The Church in China and the Industrial Problem"; "The Church's Labour Standard"; and "Modern Industry in China."
Biennial report of the Committee on Christian Service in Industrial Relations of National Christian Council in China, 1948-1950.
Miscellaneous reports, undated and 1923, 1935.
Lecture department, C. H. Robertson, 1912-1931. 2 folders.
Includes articles by and about C. H. Robertson, including J. W. Esterline, "The Work of C. H. Robertson: Some New Inventions and Discoveries in the Art of Informing, Inspiring, and Transforming Men" (1926).
Manchuria, undated and 1923, 1929, 1965.
Physical education, printed material, undated and 1910-1927. 2 folders.
War Relief:
Box 94 Correspondence and reports, undated and 1918.
Report of the Tientsin Chinese Committee: United War Work Campaign, November 11-18, 1918, 1919.
Foreign Missions Conference of N. A. Committee on the Far East, "Far Eastern Bulletin Series B. No. 5: Church and War Conditions Behind the Lines," 1938.
Box 95 "YMCA Emergency Service to Soldiers in China," 1939.
"We Fight for China: Six years of War Service, A Record of Emergency Service to Soldiers, 1937-1943,"1944 [?].
Miscellaneous articles and printed material, undated and 1918-1940. 3 folders.
Mass Education:
Box 95 Reports and correspondence, undated and 1913-1968. 2 folders.
Ellen Russak, "James Yen and Mass Education," Thesis, 1975.
Reports on literacy, 1923, 1933.
Includes, Chai H. Chuang, "Movement for Educating Illiterates in China" (1923); Y. C. James Yen, "How To Educate China's Illiterate millions for Democracy in a Decade" (1923); National Christian Council, "Report on Rural and Literacy Work" (1933).
"The Chinese Mass Education Movement: A Summary," 1942.
An abstract of material forwarded to United China Relief by Dr. Y. C. James Yen.
Ting Hsien experiment, reports, 1929-1934.
Miscellaneous articles and printed material, undated and 1924-1950, 1960-1975. 2 folders.
Box 96 World Youth Fund, 1946-1949. 13 folders.
Box 97 World Youth Fund, 1950-1951. 2 folders.
World Youth Fund, vocational education, 1948-1949. 2 folders.
World Youth Fund, peripatetic group, 1948. 5 folders.
Boys' Work:
Box 98 Reports, outlines, etc., undated.
Tianjin (Tientsin) Boy Scouts, 1916-1925.
East China Boys Work Conference, minutes, 1910, 1924.
Miscellaneous pamphlets and other printed material, undated and 1903, 1914, 1917-1925. 4 folders.
Printed material, Chinese language, undated.
Statistical charts, undated and 1916-1920. 2 folders.
Box 99 Religious work, printed material, 1896-1936. 9 folders.
Includes Chinese language material.
Religious work, statistical charts, undated.
Box 100 Secretaries and secretarial training, printed material, undated and 1906-1947. 17 folders.
Includes Chinese language material.
Student Work:
Box 101 Printed material, undated and 1895-1941. 9 folders.
Includes Chinese language material.
Box 102 Printed material, undated and 1919-1968. 10 folders.
Includes Chinese language material. Includes "Report of a North American Working Party on 'The Rise of China,'" volumes I and II (1968); and Liu Liangmo series, "Handbook for study of Mao Tse Tung's Thought," nos. 1-5, 7, and second series no. 1 (in Chinese).
Box 103 Printed material, 1919, 1934-1935, 1940. 2 folders.
Includes Chinese language material. Includes Jubilee book of the Chinese YMCA (1935).
Chinese students in France, printed material. undated and 1921.
Includes outline for the organization of Christian work among Chinese students in France.
H. L. Zia, "The Student Conference" (Chinese), 1914.
"Report and Findings of the First Meeting of Student Work Commission," 1923.
A. B. Williams, "The Membership of the Student YMCA," translated by H. L. Zia (Chinese), 1924.
H. L. Zia, "The Missionary Department of the Student YMCA" (Chinese), based on John R. Mott's pamphlet, 1914.
John R. Mott, "Work for New Students" (Chinese), translated and adapted by H. L. Zia, 1914.
Unidentified Chinese pamphlet, undated.
Arthur Rug, "Manual of Student YMCA" (Chinese), translated by Y. K. Woo, 1918.
H. L. Zia, "Social Service by the Student Association" (Chinese), 1915.
Kiang Wen Han, "The Ideological Background of the Chinese Student Movement," manuscript, 1947.
Chinese Christian Student Association (CSCA):
The Chinese Student's Christian Association of North America was founded in 1909. It was assisted by the Committee on Friendly Relations Among Foreign Students and was also in other ways aided by the International Committee of the YMCA.
Box 104 Historical and background material, undated and 1910, 1914-1915, 1918.
Includes an historical sketch of the CSCA in North America and biographical sketches of past presidents and general secretaries of the CSCA in North America by Shaowen James Chuan, and constitutions.
Registration book, 1910-1914.
Includes constitutions and list of members.
Printed material, 1921, 1923.
Includes CSCA in North America annual report and yearbook (1923), "Makers of New China in College in America" (1923); and "Leaders of New China" (1921), bulletin no. 2.
Minutes and reports, undated and 1909-1918.
Includes minute book of the CSCA in North America founded at the Hamilton conference (1909); conference materials; and Shaowen James Chuan, "CSCA in North America: Being a Report on and Survey of the Work Among the Chinese Students in China and the United States with Plans for Further Extension of the Same, 1915-1918."
Annual reports of the CSCA in North America, 1911-1912, 1913.
Yearbooks, 1925-1928.
Directory of Chinese students in America, 1937-1938.
Printed material, undated and 1913-1914.
Includes CSCA pamphlet; "Ideals and Activities of the CSCA" (1913); and "Chinese Students and China's Religious Awakening: Report on the Conference of the CSCA in North America, Kansas City, Missouri, January 1-3, 1914."
Box 105 Minutes, 1946-1949.
35th anniversary papers, 1944.
Minutes, reports, and correspondence, etc., 1922, 1938, 1944-1953. 6 folders.
Committee on Friendly Relations Among Foreign Students - Chinese Students Christian Association relationship, 1948, 1950-1956.
Yearbook of the 11th annual Chinese Christian Youth Conference, 1943.
The Builder, , Volume III, no. 1: "The American Election System: A Study by the Chinese Students' Christian Association in North America," 1947.
Miscellaneous clippings and correspondence, 1890.
Box 106 National Christian Council of China reports and resolutions, 1922-1935. 4 folders.
Chinese Secretaries' Conference, Shanghai, 1912. 2 volumes.
Box 107 Survey of YMCA in China, 1920-1924. 2 folders.
Data compiled in China during 1919. Includes sections on population, literacy, commercial information, health conditions, recreation, religious influences, education, moral conditions, and the accomplishments, programs, and assets of the YMCA in China. Cities surveyed include Ningbo (Ningpo), Baoding (Paotingfu), Beijing (Peking), Shanghai, Xi'an (Sian), Suzhou (Soochow), Sunning, Taiyuan, Tianjin (Tientsin), Tokyo, Jinan (Tsinan), Wuhan, Hankou (Hankow), and Wuchang.
The 1930 Special Study of the Young Men's Christian Associations of China,1930. 5 folders.
Directed by Daniel C. Fu and submitted by the National Committee for the Young Men's Christian Associations of China. Divided into three parts: city associations, student associations, and the National Committee.
Box 108 Report of the 1930 Special Study of Young Men's Christian Associations of China (Summarized Edition), 1930. 3 volumes.
Box 116 "The Conference in Pictures: Eleventh Conference, World's Student Christian Federation," 1922.
Local Associations:
Printed material. See also "Building Records" and "Annual and Quarterly Reports" sections for additional records of local associations. Includes material in Chinese.
Box 109 (Amoy). 2 folders.
Canton. 4 folders.
Yantai (Chefoo).
Chengdu (Chengtu).
Fuzhou (Foochow).
Guangdong (Kwangtung).
Hangzhou (Hangkow).
Box 113 Hangzhou (Hankow), copy of silk picture.
Box 109 Hankou (Hankow).
Box 116 Hankou (Hankow), Navy report, September 1924.
Bound in paper covers with hand-drawn illustrations.
Box 109 Nanjing (Nanking). 2 folders.
Box 117 Beijing (Peking)/Peiping. 4 folders.
Shanghai, undated and 1903-1936. 6 folders.
Includes constitution and bylaws, proceedings of the annual meeting of the China Continuation Committee (1917, 1919), statistical charts, speeches by David. Z. T. Yui, material from the Shanghai YMCA's 35th anniversary, etc..
Tianjin (Tientsin), undated and 1909-1935. 4 folders.
Includes material from the Tianjin YMCA's 25th and 40th anniversaries, etc. .
Box 111 Miscellaneous material in Chinese. 7 folders.
English language descriptions of most items are included in the folders.
Box 113 Miscellaneous material in Chinese.
Index to Map of China, 1923.
Box 115 Milton T. Stauffer, ed., The Christian Occupation of China: A General Survey of the Numerical Strength and Geographic Distribution of the Christian Forces in China, 1922.
Survey made by the Special Committee on Survey and Occupation China Continuation Occupation Committee, 1918-1921, Shanghai, China.
Box 118 Miscellaneous printed material. 27 folders.
Primarily pamphlets published by the YMCA or related to YMCA work.
Box 119 Miscellaneous printed material. 15 folders.
Primarily pamphlets published by the YMCA or related to YMCA work.
Box 120 Miscellaneous printed material. 13 folders.
Non-YMCA material.
Box 121 Miscellaneous printed material. 7 folders.
Non-YMCA material, including reprints and copies of articles.


Includes single issues of various journals. Additional titles are separately cataloged in the YMCA Archives periodicals collection.
Box 112 The World's Chinese Students Journal, September, 1910.
The University of Nanking Magazine, April, 1914.
Young China, April, 1921.
The Tung Wu Magazine of Soochow University, Annual,April, 1937.
Omaha Y's Men, November 14, 1929.
Nanchang Record; annual report, 1919, 1920.
Princeton-Yenching Gazette, November, 1930.
Student Monthly YM and YW, November 25, 1948.
In Chinese.
The Mandarin, July 10, 1924.
The Municipal Gazette, April 9, 1921.
Abmac Bulletin, August, 1941.
Boys' Echo, undated.
In Chinese.
China Circular Bulletin, no. 6, December 17, 1952.
The New East, April-May, 1917.
The Mid-Pacific Magazine, August, 1925.
Educational Review, July, 1927.
The Chungking Triangle, June, 1924.
The Church, October-November, 1950.
Foreign Flashes, no. 4, June 1, 1937.
Foreign YMCA, special pictorial supplement, 5 October, 1930.
The Fukien Times, April 5, 1934.
The Fukien Witness, January, 1908.
Honan Messenger (copy), March, 1915.
Box 113 Honan Messenger (original), March, 1915.
Box 112 The Mandarin (North China Union Language School), March, 1925.
News (Student Division Bulletin, National Committee of China), ca. 1948.
In Chinese.
The China Press, March 16, 1935.
Box 114 Journal Hebdomadair de l'YMCA des Etudiants Chinois en France, October 1921 [?].
In Chinese.
Chinese Labor Weekly, 1919-1920.
Also on microfilm (originals extremely brittle).
Box 116 Student Monthly Journal, 1920.
In Chinese.


Many of the annual and quarterly reports have been digitized and are available online through the University of Minnesota Libraries UMedia Archive ( http://umedia.lib.umn.edu)
The following additional materials related to YMCA work in China are also available at the Kautz Family YMCA Archives:
- D. Willard Lyon papers (Lyon was the first North American YMCA secretary sent to serve in China)
- Kirby Page papers (includes a dissertation and related material on the history of the YMCA in China)
- Photographs and photograph albums of YMCA work in China.
- Oversized maps and blue prints of YMCA buildings in China
- Armed services scrapbooks.
- Records of YMCA work in Taiwan and Hong Kong.
- Records of the Committee on Friendly Relations Among Students.
- Additional copies of annual reports of foreign secretaries serving in China are available in bound volumes of the reports of all foreign secretaries.


A spreadsheet listing all reports of YMCA secretaries in China, along with brief comments on the contents, is available from the archives.


This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Young Men's Christian associations -- China.
Young Men's Christian associations -- Buildings.
Church work -- China.
Education -- China.
Education -- Political aspects -- China.
Sports -- China.
Students -- China.
Public health -- China.
Hong Kong.
Brockman, Fletcher Sims, 1867-.
Exner, Max
Lyon, David Willard, 1870-1949.
Peter, W. W. (William Wesley), 1882-.
Robertson, C. H.
Wang, C. T.
Yen, Y. C. James, b. 1893.
Yui, David, Z. T., 1882-1936.
Zhang, Boling.
YMCA of the USA. International Division.
Young Men’s Christian Associations of North America. International Committee.
National Council of the Young Men’s Christian Associations of the United States of America. Foreign Division.
National Council of the Young Men’s Christian Associations of the United States of America.
National Board of the Young Men’s Christian Associations.
Chinese Students' Christian Association.
Princeton University.