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318 Elmer L. Andersen Library, University of Minnesota, 222 21st Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455

YMCA INTERNATIONAL WORK IN THE PHILIPPINES:
An Inventory of Its Records


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Historical Sketch | Contents Summary/Organization | Administrative/Access Info | Contents Details | Related Materials | Indexed Terms/Access Points


OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Creator: YMCA of the USA. International Division.
Title: Records of YMCA international work in the Philippines
Date: 1901-1990 (bulk 1902-1980).
Collection Number: Y.USA.9-2-10
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, financial and property records, and printed material documenting YMCA international work in the Philippines, including material on local associations, Army-Navy work, and rural reconstruction.
Quantity: 9.9 cubic feet (27 boxes)
Location: See Detailed Description section for box listing.


HISTORY OF YMCA INTERNATIONAL WORK IN THE PHILIPPINES

The work of the YMCA in the Philippines began in 1898 with the arrival of American YMCA secretaries with the American army in Manila during the Spanish-American War. In the beginning the work was largely serving American military personnel and civilians and later developed into an Army-Navy YMCA. William A.. Tener, the first secretary sent to the area by the International Committee, arrived in the Philippines in 1907. He was joined a year later by James E. Groves. Early in 1910, Elwood S. Brown arrived in Manila as physical director and soon wrote urging the necessity of various facilities, including a student building for Filipinos, an athletic field, an additional wing to the building constructed in 1908 for the American-European Association, and a building for a city Association for Filipinos. (Brown went on to make significant contributions to the Association's physical education work in the region, and was the leading spirit bringing into being the Far Eastern Games, first held in Manila in 1913.) With the help of Tener and John R. Mott, who raised additional money in the U.S., funds were obtained which made possible the erection and furnishing of the city YMCA and student branch. Partly as an outcome of the success of the financial campaign, the Young Men's Christian Association of the Philippine Islands was organized and incorporated in Manila in 1911. A permanent National Board was created in 1925, and by 1926, the Association had over 6000 members and nearly fifty Filipino secretaries. The first Filipino national secretary, Domingo C. Bascara, was appointed in 1940. The Filipino movement is notable for having been the first major YMCA in Asia to become completely indiginous in active full time staff.

While the 1920s and 1930s saw significant growth in the Filipino Association (despite the financial difficulties of the Depression), the onset of World War II nearly wiped out of those gains. In December 1941 Manila fell, and E. Stanton Turner, who had been a key leader in the Association since his arrival in 1915, was interned. The invading Japanese attempted to co-opt Association, but the Filipino secretaries refused, insisting that the YMCA was not a political body. In the course of Japanese evacuation of Manila which followed the advance of the victorious army, scores of thousands of the inhabitants of the city were slain by the retreating forces, and in the general holocaust the equipment and the buildings of the YMCA were either completely lost or very badly damaged. In the islands as a whole, seventeen of the eighteen buildings were destroyed.

Despite the crippling blow dealt by the war, the Association recovered surprisingly quickly in the following years. With money raised in both the United States and the Philippines, as well as assistance from the World Youth Fund, buildings were restored and re-equipped, and new buildings were constructed and programs launched. In 1947, Turner reported that there were more Hi-Ys, Y's Men's Clubs, parents' associations, student associations, and community work than before the war; and that throughout the islands about 200,000 men and boys were being served weekly. By 1951 the Filipino YMCA had a registered membership of 14,296, a staff of 43, and 1,245 laymen serving in one or another capacity. Eight buildings were completed , there were three others for which money was available, and funds were being raised for three more. Just two years later, membership had more than doubled to 30,020 in sixteen branches.

Among the notable works and contributions of the YMCA in the Philippines were the organization of the first training class for schools in physical education; establishment of the first law school in English, now the College of Law of the University of the Philippines; conduct of the first Far Eastern Athletic Meet, the precursor of the Asian Games; organization of the first chartered Boy Scouts troop for Filipino boys; conduct of the first student conferences and first Rural Development Youth Work Camps; organization of the first National Fund Campaigns; and, establishment of the first gymnasia and swimming pools for Filipinos. The Association won international acclaim for its summer camps. Started in 1953, the philosophy of these programs was to help improve living conditions of the people in the villages and to awaken among the future professionals of the country a sense of responsibility for the welfare of their fellows. The Filipino Y also started the Rizal Youth Leadership Training Institute in 1963. Each year, it offered an intensive training in Christian democratic leadership to about 100 college students who were selected on the basis of scholastic achievement, moral character, and leadership potential.

In 1971 the national organization was restructured as a federation, decentralizing the authority of the central office and increasing local autonomy for its 22 member associations. Under the new structure, local branches, now incorporated as independent corporations, could acquire and own property.

The following is a list of individuals who served as YMCA secretaries in the Philippines, along with their dates of service:

Barnes, Henry Blencoe (1924-1927) Lewis, Charles Mason (1929-1934, 1939-1945)
Berner, Harold Washington (1935-1937) Long, Golden Dice (1913-1917)
Blyth, James Allison (1917-1918) Long, John Franklin (1952-1958)
Brown, Elwood Stanley (1910-1918) Love, Harry W. (1919-1922)
Calkins, George G. (1916-1919) Maxwell, John Truitt (1921-1929)
Carroll, L. Earl (1930-1933) Mayer, Walter Cyrus (1916-1917)
Collins, Zerah C. (1909-1915) Mihailoff, Vladimir Anatol (1937-1945)
Douwsma, Gerrit Ben (1948-1954) Morill Alfred Truman (1914-1917)
Erdman, Charles P. (1933-1935) Nestle, Mark Howard (1930-1937)
Forgrave, William Matthew (1920-1922) Pronko, Stephen M (1926-1934)
Fraser, Harry Carleton (1910-1916) Rice, George Ernest (1911-1913)
Frazee, Charles Clifford (1916-1920) Rudman, Arthur (1906)
Goss, George Edward (1913-1916) Schwan, Louis Alvin (1954-1955)
Groves, James Morgan (1908-1915) Smith, Roy Glenn (1945-1952)
Haag, Howard Lee (1936-1942) Tener, William Allen (1906-1916)
Hall, Richard Mant (1920-1932) Turner, Everett Stanton (1915-1952)
Harding, Harold Park (1923-1933) Wishard, Glenn Porter (1937-1945)
Jackson, Frank Avery (1898-1900)

Historical information largely adapted and quoted from World Service: A History of the Foreign Work and World Service of the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States and Canada, (New York: Association Press, 1957) by Kenneth Scott Latourette, the YMCA of the Philippines web site (http://ymcaphilippines.org/YMCA/history.html) and the collection.



SCOPE AND CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION

The records of YMCA work in the Philippines consist of correspondence and reports of the foreign secretaries; annual reports; and financial records, including war claims and transfer of property records. Records of approximately fifteen local associations, primarily building records, are also included, as well as records of specific programs and activities, especially rural reconstruction work. There are also some records of the Army-Navy work, histories, issues of periodicals, pamphlets, and photos. Much of the material from the 1970s onwards concerns the transfer of property owned by the International Committee (of YMCAs of the United States) to the Filipino YMCA and support of YMCA-sponsored development projects around the country.



ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Use of Materials:
This collection is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright, ownership, and to obtain all the necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials.
Preferred Citation:
[Indicate the cited item and/or series here]. Records of YMCA International Work in the Philippines. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. University of Minnesota.
See the Chicago Manual of Style for additional examples.
Processing Information:
Processed as part of Fast Processing Project II, October 2010, as collection FP015. Material has been minimally processed. Folder descriptions may be general and material has not been grouped into series.
Catalog Record ID number: 6219340


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION

The following section contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection. To request materials, please note the corresponding box number.

Box 1 Correspondence and reports, 1902-1920. 14 folders.
Box 2 Correspondence and reports, 1921-1929. 12 folders.
Box 3 Correspondence and reports, 1930-1939. 10 folders.
Box 4 Correspondence and reports, 1940-1968. 8 folders.
Regional budgets, 1939-1946. 2 folders.
Papers of Henry B. Barnes, 1924-1927.
Box 14 Correspondence and reports, 1943-1945.
Senior Secretary correspondence and reports, 1946-1949.
Property transfer, 1954-1969.
Box 15 Correspondence and reports, 1950-1953. 11 folders.
Box 16 Correspondence and reports, 1954-1956 and 1958-1962. 10 folders.
Youth Summer Work Camps workbook, 1956.
Box 11 Correspondence and reports, 1960-1972. 5 folders.
Appropriations for World Youth Fund, 1946-1948.
Buildings, 1946-1950.
Seeds for Democracy, 1952.
YMCA National Center report, 1968-1969. 2 folders.
Box 12 Correspondence and reports, 1973-1980. 8 folders.
Box S2 Correspondence and reports, 1977-1990. 11 folders.
Includes: Development Program reports, Grant AID documents, Rural Employment Project reports, annual reports of the Manila YMCA, correspondence of Ricardo L. Torio and others.
Box 5 Administrative reports, 1910, 1912 and 1914-1919. 3 folders.
Box 6 Annual reports of the president, 1911-1914.
Annual secretaries' conference, 1949, 1952 and 1955. 2 folders.
Annual reports, 1951-1959 and 1962-1965. 5 folders.
Conda reports, 1951. 2 folders.
Rizal Youth Leadership Training, 1961-1965.
Week of Prayer and World Fellowship Day, 1953.
Box 7 War claims, 1942 and 1946-1959. 9 folders.
Box 8 The Red Triangle, 1923.
Progress of Athletics Activities report, 1923.
Yearbook-Chinese YMCA, 1923-1924.
YMCA in the Philippines history, 1944.
25th Anniversary of Philippines YMCA, 1939.
Downtown YMCA 40th Anniversary, formerly Chinese YMCA, 1960.
National High School Student's Conference, 1947.
First Annual National YMCA Boy's Assembly, 1950.
Constitution and Bylaws, 1952.
Laymen's conventions, 1957-1958 and 1960-1961.
Public Affairs Forum: Golden Jubilee Presentation YMCA Work Camp, 1961.
Box 9 General, 1921-1935 and 1945-1951. 10 folders.
Box 10 General, 1952-1970. 10 folders.
Box 13 National Committee, 1951-1953.
National Council, 1954-1955. 2 folders.
Development fund, 1975-1979. 4 folders.
Rural reconstruction report by John Maddaus, 1972-1973.
Rural and urban development report, 1978-1979. 2 folders.
Box 17 Non-YMCA Evangelical Union Statement of Plan and Purpose, 1902.
Evangelical Union annual meeting and missionary directory, 1914.
Non-YMCA Methodist Episcopal Church report and Christian Conference report, 1904 and 1961.
National Christian Council minutes and reports, 1934. 2 folders.
Non-YMCA minutes, addresses and discussions, 1935.
Non-YMCA church World Service Quarry articles, 1948.
Box 18 YMCA district plans for the extension of the YMCA program in the Philippines, undated.
Financial statement Manila, 1912 and 1914.
Basis of membership and early history, 1911, 1930 and 1938.
Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation annual report, 1926.
World's Committee of YMCA First Far Eastern and Indian Area Conference minutes and report, 1933.
Echo Conferences study guide, 1953.
Great Britain Association of Secretaries 59th Annual Conference report, 1956.
"Industrial Management Project for the Philippines" by John W. Leslie, 1958.
Correspondence and reports, 1966-1967. 2 folders.
Philippine Island Survey Part I, 1930-1932.
Philippine Island Survey Part II, 1930-1932.
Philippine Island Survey Part III, 1930-1932.
46th Annual Meeting and National Laymen's Convention 1958 and 4th Laymen's Convention, 1958 and 1967.
Inauguration of the Manual Camus Building, 1950.
Box 20 Baguio vacation property, 1924-1939.
Baguio, Luzon Province, 1949-1952. 4 folders.
Bacolod City, undated.
Cabanatuan Nueva Ecija, 1957.
Cebu, 1918-1939, 1946, 1950-1952 and 1956-1957. 3 folders.
Davao Camp Mindawas, 1951-1953.
Dagupan, province of Pangasinan Luzon, 1951-1957.
Dumaguste, 1955.
Iloilo, 1927, 1929-1930, 1935 and 1946-1965. 3 folders.
Box 19 Miscellaneous pamphlets, undated, 1930-1960 and 1965-1968. 10 folders.
Box 21 Miscellaneous pamphlets, 1902-1919, 1921, 1925-1927, 1932 and 1946-1947. 6 folders.
"The Ladder," 1919-1920. 2 folders.
40th Anniversary Army-Navy YMCA, 1938.
38th Anniversary Central YMCA, 1949.
Miscellaneous, 1954-1955.
Box 22 Laoag Province-Ilocos Norte, 1927-1951.
Los Baños and Muños, 1918-1933.
Legaspi, 1927.
Lingayen, 1927-1935.
Zamboanga, 1927.
Manila correspondence and reports, 1911-1922, 1926-1928 and 1943-1948. 5 folders.
Manila general and building plans, 1931, 1933 and 1940.
Manila (Chinese), 1922-1924.
Manila Chinese and National, 1925-1926.
Manila American and European Branch settlement, 1942-1946.
Title to property control, Manila, 1969-1973.
Box 23 Manila correspondence and reports, 1949-1950, 1952, 1955, 1957-1958 and 1962-1974. 4 folders.
Manila Los Baños, 1951.
Sampolas correspondence and reports, 1951-1953.
San Pablo, 1951-1953.
Santa Cruz correspondence and reports, 1949-1951.
Manila Tondo, 1954-1956.
Manila documents of YMCA lot, 1968-1969.
Administrative report of John Long, 1957-1958.
Gerrit B. Douwsma visit, 1973.
Manila title to property control, 1969-1970 and 1972-1974. 3 folders.
Box 24 "Audit Commission Report to the National Council," 1972.
Manila, 1968.
Manila Army-Navy Building specifics, 1923-1926.
Manila Imprest Fund statement of receipts and expenses, 1927-1930.
National Council reports, 1973.
Manila "Program Package," 1988.
Box 25 Secretaries of Army-Navy Second Conference report, 1901.
Manila legal documents, 1906-1909. 2 folders.
Application to do business in Manila, 1912.
Manila International Committee resolutions and memorandum for Mr. Haussermann, 1912-1913 and 1915.
Manila administrative reports, 1912-1917.
War damage claims, 1945-1948.
Baguio contract for construction of YMCA buildings, 1950.
Box S7 Social Development and Economic Improvement Program, 1976.
Concept paper: "Small Scale Business Program for Selected Rural Depressed Areas," 1980.



RELATED MATERIALS

Biographical information on many of the secretaries involved YMCA work in the Philippines (see list of individuals in the historical note) is available in the YMCA Biographical Files, separately cataloged in the Kautz Family YMCA Archives.


INDEX TERMS

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Topics:
Camps -- Philippines.
Military social work.
Rural development -- Philippines.
Young Men's Christian Associations -- Philippines.
Young Men's Christian Associations -- Administration.
Young Men's Christian Associations -- Buildings.
Places:
Philippines.
Manila (Philippines).
Persons:
Bascara, Domingo C., 1904-.
Torio, Ricardo L.
Organizations:
Federation of the YMCAs of the Philippines.
YMCA of the USA. International Division.
Young Men's Christian Associations of North America. International Committee.